Victoria to Vimy The First World War Collections at the University of Victoria Libraries

Florence Westman First World War Scrapbook

Page Title:
Front cover_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes clipping with song lyrics for popular WWI hymn written by John Oxenham and published in 1918, "for the men at the front"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--Songs and music
Date:
1918
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 1
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes portion of book dust jacket; news clipping, "add new stanza to God save the king," 2 photographs of soldiers, caption "Lt.'s Holman - Miller - Langford; and inscription, "My chronicle of the war, Florence M. Westman, 52 First Ave. Ottawa Ont., beginning January 1916"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1915-1918
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Holman; Miller; Langford, J. A.


Page Title:
Page 1, image a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page includes news clipping, "add new stanza to God save the king," 2 photographs of soldiers, caption "Lt.'s Holman - Miller - Langford; and inscription, "My chronicle of the war, Florence M. Westman, 52 First Ave. Ottawa Ont., beginning January 1916"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1915-1918
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Holman; Miller; Langford, J. A.


Page Title:
Page 1, image b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
3rd image of Page includes news clipping, "add new stanza to God save the king," and inscription, "My chronicle of the war, Florence M. Westman, 52 First Ave. Ottawa Ont., beginning January 1916"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1915-1918
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes a theatre program, "the show of shows: in aid of returned soldiers' association and soldiers' service club in Russell Theatre, Ottawa, March fifteenth and sixteenth, nineteen-seventeen" and photograph of young man and woman in civilian clothing
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1915-1918
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme open to first page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme open to second page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_c
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme open to third page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_d
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme open to fourth page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_e
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme open to fifth page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_f
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme open to sixth page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_g
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme open to seventh page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 1_verso_h
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
"The show of shows" programme back page
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Hilliam, B.C.
Date:
1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 2
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 1 photograph depicting a soldier, captioned "Lieut. James Hennessey - 224th Forestry Battalion, C.E.F."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1915-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Hennessey, James


Page Title:
Page 2_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 1 clipping: a posed photograph captioned, "a draft of 54 men recruited in Toronto, which has just left for Ottawa to join the engineer training depot. The 2nd field company Canadian engineers has already recruited 1450 men locally for overseas service.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-1918
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Toronto


Page Title:
Page 3
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 2 formal photographic portraits. Page is titled, "Canadian engineers," and photographs are captioned "Lt. J. A. Langford (s.p.s Toronto)" and "Lt. Clinton Miller (Calgary)"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1915-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Langford, J. A. ; Miller, Clinton


Page Title:
Page 3_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 1 postcard addressed to Floss Westman in Ottawa Ont from Laurie Harrison, a soldier stationed in England. Photograph depicts Regent Street, Stotfold, England and is annotated "our house. (three of us board here)"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-03-27
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
England--Stotfold; Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 3_verso_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page 3_verso - reverse of postcard
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-03-27
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
England--Stotfold; Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[upper left]3rd Div. Signal Corp. Stotfold, near Baldock, Herts. #502349 C.E.F.[upper left] [address block] Miss Floss Westman 52 First Ave Ottawa Ontario Can [address block] [running top to bottom] We landed in England on Sunday morning. Above is our present address. We were shunted off into this little place and at first were very much disappointed but now we think probably we have the best of the deal. We are all in billets and get our meals with the people in whose house we stay and it is "[gutte?] The flowers are just coming out micely and the songbirds are all around. We are 98 miles northeast of London. We had a fine trip across and I wasn't sick thank goodness. Hope you are making up some of your stolen sleep. My regards to all. yours Laurie Harrison


Page Title:
Page 4
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes formal photographic portrait of a soldier captioned "Sapper Lawrence Harrison (Wycliffe Hall)"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Toronto
People Depicted:
Harrison, Lawrence


Page Title:
Page 4_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes: 1 postcard addressed to Floss Westman from "Bill" in which he describes his crossing from New York to England, picture depicts RMS Baltic; and remnants of piece of heather captioned "Shorncliffe heather."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-01-14
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 4_verso_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page 4_verso. reverse of postcard.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-01-14
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[left] Sat. Jan 14. 15. Dear Floss, After three days of misery I recovered and enjoyed last few day immensely. No rough weather. [Bu??ing] on deck without an over coat. Passing coast of Ireland this morning. Will make Liverpool tonight. Only had three hours in New York. Have fine orchestra on boat but as girls were scarce did not have any dancing. Bill. [right block]Miss Floss Westman 52 First Ave Ottawa Canada


Page Title:
Page 5
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 1 news clipping, "Ottawa troops safe in england: Metagama carried 1,000 men of engineers. 3rd divisional ammunition column, too"; lunch menu from the RMS Metagama; 4 photographs depicting the S. S. Metagama, an unnamed escort for the Metagama, soldiers and women in winter coats. Captions include: looking aft along deck - S.S. Metagama; Lt. Miller--Sapper Coulthard--Sapper Harrison; Jim; first escort for S.S. Metagama
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
Ottawa Troops Safe in England --- Metagama Carried 1,000 Men of Engineers --- 3rd Divisional Ammunition Column, Too. --- It was officially announed today that the Engineers and Third Divisional Ammunition column which left Ottawa on March 9 had arrived safely in England on the troopship Metagama. The troops on board the Metagama were practically all from Ottawa. They were:-- Three engineering field companies, 18 officers, 676 men; three divisional signalling companies, 5 officers, 198 men; 3rd Divisional Ammunition Column, 14 officers, 544 men; reinforcements, engineers, 43 officers, 103 men; signallers, 10 officers; medical, 3 officers, 5 men. The troopship Lapland, which sailed from Canada on March 13th, has also arrived safely in England. She had on board the following troops: 33rd Battalion, 40 officers, 946 men; 45th Battalion, 38 officers, 1,119 men; draft, Royal Canadian Dragoons, 3 officers, 75 men; draft, 1st Canadian Pioneer Battalion, 3 officers, 100 men. One officer for R.A.M. C. March 27th, 1916
People Depicted:
Miller; Coulthard, Guy; Harrison


Page Title:
Page 5_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes clipping, "700 There," describing service held in the Library Bureau Depot; and photographs depicting scenes from soldiers' departures, including the crossing from Canada to England. Photo captions include: Sunset SS Metagama; Starboard Deck SS Metagama - Lts. Miller, Wood, Binns; Leaving Ottawa Mar. 9th 1916 - Lt. Langford; Easter 1916; and Harbor at St. John from SS Metagama
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
New Brunswick--St. John; Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
700 There On Sunday evening services were held in the Library Bureau depot. About seven hundred of the Engineers were in attendance. The musical programme was directed by Dr. Saunders and included, anthem: "Son of My Soul," by Dominion Methodist Church Choir; solos by Miss Pouget, "Land of Hope and Glory," and "Some Where a Voice is Calling;" solo by Mr. Goad, "Let There be Light;" solo by Mr. Merryweather, "Motherland;" quartette, Messrs. Clarke, Snyder, Merryweather and Goad. At the close of the services, the Soldiers' Service Club served light refreshments to the men in khaki.
People Depicted:
Miller; Wood; Binns; Langford


Page Title:
Page 6
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes satirical newsletter, "The C.E. Afloat: Sea Organ of 3rd Divisional Engineers, C.E.F -- printed and published on board HMTS Metagama, March 22, 1916;" 1 news clipping, "Farewell Concert;" and 6 photographs depicting scenes on the ship, soldiers playing in the snow, posed soldiers and a fire in Halifax harbour. Captions include: Fire in Halifax Harbour from SS Metagama; SS Metagama March 11, 1916; En Route; After; Capt. Thompson - Mar. 10th - Col. Melville; Lt. Corbett - Lt. Biehl - Lt. Iler
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--poetry
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa; Nova Scotia--Halifax
Transcript:
Farewell Concert Last evening the Soldiers' Service Club entertained the 3rd Divisional Engineers at a farewell concert and supper held in the Library Bureau Depot. Over twelve hundred soldiers were present. Dr. Cavin and party of nurses from St. Luke's Hospital were also guests of the evening. Capt. Basil W. Thompson, chaplain of the Engineers, acted as chairman. Major Ward and Captain Bamford gave short addresses. The excellent musical programme consisted of: String quartette, Miss Orme, Miss Cook and the Misses Baldwin; solo, "We Will Never Let the Old Flag Fall," Corporal Master Botten; solo, "Angels' Serenade," Miss Baldwin, accompanied by Mrs. Baldwin, and 'cello obligato, Miss Baldwin; solo, "Call of the Motherland," Master Botten; quartette, "Sault D'Amour;" solo, "Mother Macree," Miss Baldwin; humorous sketch, Sapper Birch.
People Depicted:
Coulthard, Guy; Biehl; Iler; Corbett; Thompson; Melville; Langford; Weldon


Page Title:
Page 6_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page 006 reveals inside of newsletter.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--poetry
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 6_b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
3rd image of page 006 reveals back page of newsletter and photographs depicting fire in Halifax Harbour and soldiers.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Nova Scotia--Halifax


Page Title:
Page 6_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 5 photographs depicting soldiers and young women in casual settings. Captions include: Sappers Laurie Harrison - Ted Marks - Guy Coulthard; Lansdowne Barracks - Sapper Guy Coulthard; "Why girls leave home;" Sgt-Major Wright - (now Lt. Wright, Received com on the Field); "Ted" (and Sir Wilfred Laurier).
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Harrison, Lawrence; Marks, Edward; Coulthard, Guy; Wright


Page Title:
Page 7
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 5 photographs depicting soldiers in casual settings outdoors, winter, likely all from Ottawa, Ontario. Captions include: Sappers MacCartney & Laurie; Sappers Bill Laurie & Guy Coulthard; Guy; Sappers MacCartney & Coulthard; Sapper "Harry" Laurie.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
MacCartney; Laurie, William; Coulthard, Guy; Laurie, Harry


Page Title:
Page 7_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes: 4 news clippings concerning the numbers of Canadian recruits, the death of Nedo Korovitch, and poem about the disappearance of John Wesley Allison; 3 photographs depicting soldiers and the fire at Parliament in 1916; and a letter written by a prisoner held in Germany. Photograph captions include: Parliament fire - Sir R.L. Borden's office; Jack and 3 Belgiums; Lts. "Jim" Weldon - "Jack" Langford - "Clint" Miller -- Leaving Central Station March 9th, 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--Prisoners and prisons, British;
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa; Germany--Giessen
Transcript:
THREE SCORE RECRUITS FOR ENGINEERS' TRAINING DEPOT COME FROM WEST [annotation]Mar 31-16[\end annotation] Sixty-one recruits to the Canadian Dvisional Engineers arrived this morning from Winnipeg and marched at once to the barracks at Landsdowne Park for medical examination and to be fitted out with uniforms. The embargo recently laid upon the men leaving their barracks was raised on Wednesday and the men allowed their former liberty to visit friends in the city. The total strength of the training depot at present is over 1,400 and, save for those who arrived this morning, are all uniformed and fitted out. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] CAUSE OF WORLD WAR DIES OF CONSUMPTION Convicted Assassin of Archduke Ferdinand Dies Same Death as His Companions Special Cable to The Journal. London, March 31.--According to a "Daily News" despatch, from Milan, Nedo Korovitch, one of the convicted assassins of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary at Sarajevo, the overt act that precipitated the European war is reported by Vienna papers to have died of tuberculosis in prison. Korovitch is the third of the band found guilty of the murder who is alleged to have died in prison of the same disease. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] 280,000 ENLISTED IN CANADA; ONTARIO LEADS ALL THE PROVINCES WITH 118,000 The Ottawa and Kingston military district has enlisted 29,865 men for oversease service since the war began and the showing compares favorably with that of other divisions. It is over six thousand ahead of the London division, which covers a territory of about equal size. According to the latest figures available Ontario has recruited nearly 118,000 men of all ranks. The next best showing is made by the combined district of Manitoba and Saskatchewan with 55,000. The
People Depicted:
Weldon; Langford, J. A.; Miller, Clint; Belben, Leslie; Allison, John W.; Korovitch, Nedo


Page Title:
Page 8
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes: 1 dance card captioned, "Leap Year Dance", annotated in ink, "Lt. W. Biehl - Flos M. Westman", and printed on cover "B.G. - Thursday, Feb. 3rd 1916"; 1 red felt cupid silhouette captioned, "Merri Makers' Dance"; and 2 photographs depicting the fire in the House of Commons, Ottrawa, 1916. Captions include: Parliament Hill and Fire in House of Commons - Feb 3rd.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Biehl, William


Page Title:
Page 8_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page 8 revealing the inside of dance card filled in with dance partners' names.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 8_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 5 news clippings discussing topics of local (Ottawa) interest - the appointment of officers, injuries sustained by local soldiers and an Easter concert featuring a solo by Miss F. Westman. Drawing is a cartoon head and is accompanied by the caption, "HRH Duke of Connaught."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
SIX OTTAWA OFFICERS IN THE NEXT REDRAFT Militia Department Has Authorized List of Officers to Command Engineers' Draft May[ink annotation] Out of a list of 12 officers, who have been authorized by the Militia Department to command the two drafts of Canadian Engineers, soon to leave the training depot at Landsdowne Park, six are Ottawa men. The list has been approved of by the commanding officer and the Militia Department has just authorized their appointment. The numbers of the draft have been changed to "14" and "15." The list is: Lieuts. J.M. Riddell, W.C. Murdie, J.B. Latimer, G.C.S. Johnston, W. B. Hutchinson and G.M. Taylor, Ottawa, and Lieut. A.L. Robinson, Hamilton; Lieut. T.D. Henderson, Acton; Lieut. R. New, Hamilton; Lieut. R.V. Heathcott, Edmontno[sic]; Lieut. J.K. McDonald, Toronto, and Lieut. W.H. Hylie, St. Catharines. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] PREMIER PAYS TRIBUTE TO CANADIAN BOYS WHO FOUGHT AT YPRES "Saturday, April 22, is the anniversary of the Battle of Ypres, the first important action in which the first Canadian division was engaged. In commemoration of the extraordinary gallantry and determination which they then displayed," announced the premier last night, "flags with be flown at masthead at all government buildings, and it is hoped that this decision will be adopted by all persons and institutions throughout the Dominion. "Canadians will remember how, in the face of an overwhelming attack in which a horrible and unknown method of warfare was used against them, Canadian troops held the line for days. They will remember their thrill of pride when they learned from the highest authorities that their citizen soldiers had saved the day for the Empire and the Allies. No less in honor of those who fell than in token of our unalterable determination that their sacrifice shall not have been in vain it is fitting that this anniversary should be recognized." [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] 207TH OTTAWA BATTALION [photograph]
People Depicted:
Whelen, O.G. ; Woollcombe, Philip ; Hughes, Samuel, Sir, 1853-1921; Arthur, Prince, Duke of Connaught, 1850-1942


Page Title:
Page 9
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 2 items: printed lyrics to Canadian Engineers' Song and a pencil cartoon captioned "Drawn from Life by Sapper 'Ted' Emmerson - 'Baz.'"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--Caricatures and cartoons
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 9_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of Page 9 showing unfolded page of song lyrics.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--Caricatures and cartoons
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 9_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 6 photographs depicting soldiers in casual poses, some with young women - possibly Florence Westman, taken in Ottawa in the spring of 1916. Captions include: "Bentley's Debut - May 13, 1916; Lc. Cpl. 'Baz' Cornish; Three B.C. Beavers; Lts. 'Bud' Osborne - Bentley; Lc. Cpl. Briggs Cradock - Lt. Bentley C. Hilliam; Lc. Cpl. Briggs Cradock and Viola."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Hilliam, Bentley C.; Westman, Florence M.; Cradock, Briggs; Cornish, Baz; Osborne, Bud; Westman, Viola


Page Title:
Page 10
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 5 photographs depicting soldiers likely in Ottawa, spring 1916. Captions include: "'Briggs;' 'Bud'; B.C. Hilliam - Major Ward; 'Baz'; and Lt. McLean. Clipping contains a poem, "A Word to The Slacker," by Gertrude Cornish Knight, May 14, 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--poetry
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Hilliam, Bentley C.; Ward; McLean; Cradock, Briggs; Cornish


Page Title:
Page 10_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 6 news clippings. Subjects include: review of a military Vaudeville performance held at the Russell Theatre, Monday May 8, 1916, Ottawa and description of speech by Col. W.M. Melville of the Royal Canadian Engineers at Olympic Young Men's Club banquet.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
MILITARY ENTERTAINMENT Under the distinguished patronage of H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught. Canadian Engineers in Original Vaudeville. Featuring "The Black and White Eyed Minstrels." and "Fragments From France." RUSSELL THEATRE Monday, May 8th, 1916. At 8.15. Prices--35c to $1.00. Seat sale now open at Theatre and McKechnie's Music Store, Sparks St. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] The royal box at the Engineers' concert last evening at the Russell Theatre was occupied by T.R.H. the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and the Princess Patricia, His Excellency the Russian Ambassador and Madame Bakhmeteff, Miss Dorothy Yorke, Miss Adam, Colonel Stanton, Lord Richard Nevill, Major Duff and Captain Mackintosh. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] Soldiers' Service. On Sunday evening the church service for the soldiers was held at Landsdowne Park, training depot of the Engineers. A splendidly arranged musical programme was presented by the choir of McLeod Street Methodist church. At the close of the service refreshments were served to the men in khaki. The Soldiers' Service Club takes this opportunity to thank the Ladies' Aid Society of McLeod Street Methodist church for their generosity in providing the refreshments. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] Deserving of Praise. Lieut.-Col. Melville and his officers are to be congratulated upon the huge success of the Engineers entertainment in the Russell Theatre last night. The concert was a success in every way. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] COL. W.M. MELVILLE TOLD HOW OUR BOYS AT WAR HELD LINE IN YPRES BATTLE Capt. Robbins, in Eloquent Address, Fires Enthusiasm of Men at Olympic Young Men's Club Banquet. JOURNAL'S MANAGING EDITOR SPEAKS ON PRESS METHODS Many Interesting Moments at Second Annual Banquet of Vigorous Club in St. Paul's Methodist Church--Toasts Proposed. "There is only one thing Germans on the seven seas have above the water, and that is a periscope," said Col. W.M. Melville, officer commanding the Royal Canadian Engineers last night at the second annual banquet of the Olympic Young Men's club of St. Paul's Methodist church. Col. Melville, who was with the Canadians in the great battle at Ypres, told many thrilling stories of that fearful conflict. He described the appalling destruction if the German 17-inch shells, as tall as a man and big around as a barrel, which would obliterate everything on an acre lot. It was in the face of overwhelming artillery that the Canadians held the line. Before returning to Canada he saw in several ports 54 captured German submarines. On one day the patrols had captured two of three enemy submarines that had been reported in a certain locality. "Nothing is said about it," he added. "It is a case of the ship that never returns." [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] SOLDIER PERFORMERS AT RUSSELL THEATRE Better far than the most professional performers on the dramatic or vaudeville stage, were the Canadian Engineer actors, who delighted a capacity audience in the Russell Theatre last night. There was such a rush for tickets that "S.R.O." was placed over the doors early in the evening. This, however, did not suffice and the people gathered until fairly large numbers were obliged to stand at the back of the "house." T.R.H. the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, the Princess Patricia and their distinguished visitors, M. Bakhmeteff and Madame Bakhmeteff were present. Nothing perhaps could have been done in Ottawa to make the uniform of the private so much respected. Every man was a man of splendid education and ability. Some were fine musicians, others good orators, and all who participated in the excellent entertainment, seemed particularly fitted for his or her part. This was in a large measure due to Lance Corporal B.C. Hilliam, the director. The programme was divided into nine parts, and each brought forth much applause. Minstrel Show One of the outstanding features was the appearance of the "Black-and- White-Eyed Ministrels." From start to finish their funny antics and witty sayings were side splitting. Miss Grace Hiney was intedlocutor with Lance Corporal B.C. Hilliam at the piano. Each added very materially to the general success. "Back to Dixie Land" was sung very creditably by Sapper E. Emmerson. Driver Jones rendered "My Little Grey Home in the Wesst," with a violin obligato by Miss Grace Hiney. Sapper Cornish singing "The Beautiful Yacht," brought down the house. "Water Scenes," by Sapper Birch, was very good. Sapper Cradock sang in a pleasing voice. "The Dandy Colored Coon," by Sapper Brown was fine. A bones and drum quartette was given by Sapper Bryson and Scout Orville Hodgkin. In the next two parts of the programme Sapper Wagstaffe gave a demonstration of club swinging and a squad of men, under Sergt. Lindsay, presented an exhibition of rifle drill. Both were interesting. Misses Dolly Goodeve, Marjorie Jones, Marjorie Cook, Lillian Mank, Freda Fripp and Katie McDougall, looked charming as they went through a dance drill with Capt. Ward and Lieuts. Hay, Easton, Armstrong, Bennett and Warner. Mrs. Elbert Soper was responsible for the spledid arrangement and Miss Hazel Payne presided at the piano. On Bridge Work. Very few people would believe that a barrel pier bridge could be built in five minutes, but a bridge capable of carrying tons, was completely built in five minutes and 27 seconds. It was pulled down and piled again in about three minutes. About 20 men under Sergt. H.G.J. Woods did the work. The last and also one of the best features which brought out both the pleasant and at times the pathetic side of life in the trenches was the playlet, "Fragments from France." Impersonating a Red Cross Nurse, Miss Hiney delighted the audience with violin solos. Also Miss Georgie Ferguson in nurse's attire endeared herself to the spectators by the rendition of "keep the Home Fires Burning." A stump speech "The Quack Doctor," by Sapper Brown, was humorous in the extreme. All other performers were good. The cyclone cartoons by Sapper E. Emmerson with descriptive accompaniment by Sapper W.C. Pike, was very novel and pleasing. Several aides to the Duke and members of the headquarters staff were present. Lt.-Col. W.M. Melville and some of his officers occupied a number of the boxes. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] The entertainment will be under the direction of Lce.-Corporal B.C. Hilliam, who has produced many plays and who has also toured British Columbia with his own company. "The Canadian Follies." The proceeds of the concert will be in aid of regimental funds. [end of clipping]
People Depicted:
Hilliam, Bentley C.; Emmerson, E.; Cradock, Briggs; Goodeve, Dolly; Mank, Lillian; Fripp, Freda; McDougall, Katie; Payne, Hazel


Page Title:
Page 11
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 2 photographs depicting: [Viola?] Westman with unnamed soldier, and "Sapper Parsons 'en route'". Clippings include: a poem, "The Man Who Hasn't Gone," by Frederic H. Bailey; photo of Lieut. A.P. Dowling, accompanied by report that he was severely injured; and a listing of the number of Canadian troops arrived in England in June of 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
An Ottawa Officer Reported Wounded. [PHOTOGRAPH] Lieut. A. P. Dowling, son of Mr. and Mrs. D. B. Dowling, McLeod street, who is reported severely wounded by gunshot in the neck. He joined the army as a private and left here as a sergeant with the Sifton Gun Battery. He was given his commission about two months ago. He is well known in Ottawa and is a McGill University man. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] THE MAN WHO HASN'T GONE. Frederic H. Bailey. Don't you feel a little lonesome when you walk the city street, And read the sign that's really meant for you, Don't you feel a little shameful when at every step you meet A lad that's dressed in khaki eyeing you; Have you chosen to ignore them? Have you stopped to count the cost? In future years you'll figure up the toll. You'll have earned the name of slacker and the chance that you have lost Will mark the desolation of your soul. Don't you think 'twill be forgotten, no matter where you are, The question to be answered first of all Will be "What was the battalion that you served with at the war?" Can you tell them that you never heard the call, Why, there's some men who are longing to take that trip to France But are hampered, age or sickness foil the plan, I can bring them by the dozens, who'll go with you on the chance, If 'tis only just to help you play the man. You'll be first to do the shouting at the finish of the war, You'll be standing 'mid the women with a flag; You'll be cheering for the Empire as you never cheered before, And forget the days your knees were on the sag. Then you'll go back to the office, the workshop or the store, To find your pay cheque waiting with the "can." The smiling boss with tell you "You're not wanted any more, "The job you held is handed to a man."
People Depicted:
Dowling, Allen Perry; Parsons; Westman; Dowling, A. P.


Page Title:
Page 11_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page consists of 1 clipping titled, "A Three Days' Tussle on the Mountains," which includes a photograph depicting soldiers hauling a large gun through the snow up Grouse Mountain, British Columbia.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
[1916?]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
British Columbia--Grouse Mountain
Transcript:
A THREE DAYS' TUSSLE ON THE MOUNTAINS [PHOTOGRAPH] Men of the Overseas draft of the Artillery Division of the Vancouver Volunteer Reserve taking a 15-pounder gun to the top of Grouse Mountain, overlooking Burrard Inlet. The altitude reached with this 700-lb. weight--not including wheels, timber or shfts--was 4,000 feet. In some places the snow was 12 feet deep. On some days there were blizzards. There were huge boulders, standing timber and snowdrifts to fight. But they did it, and they reckon there is nothing in trench life at the front that is very much harder. These men are qualified for such work as the italians are doing in the mountains.


Page Title:
Page 12
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page consists of 7 news clippings and a photograph. Subjects include fund raising, church services and announcements of Ottawa soldiers killed in action, all dated June 1916. Photograph depicts soldiers and civilians posed in front of a house, captioned, "Lt. Cpl. B. C. Hilliam - Lt. McLean - Lc. Cpl. B. Cornish."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start of clipping] [three photographs across page] The popular Red Cross Tea House and toboggan slide at Rockliffe Park, Ottawa, established by Mrs. Charles Kingsmill, where $1,400 was raised last year for patriotic purposes, promises to be equally profitable this season. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] Engineers Went to Church. A large number of the Canadian Divisional Engineers stationed at Landsdowne Park, attended divine service yesterday morning in churches on the Glebe. A platoon attended St. Matthew's, and another similar body went to the Glebe Presbyterian church. [end of clipping] [annotation in ink]June 4th [start of clipping] RIDEAU HALL'S ROLL OF HONOR The war has taken a heavy toll from Rideau Hall. Following is a list of its killed and wounded since the outbreak of hostilities: Col. Farquhar . . . . . . .Killed Capt. Newton . . . . . . .Killed Col. Buller . . . . . . . .Killed Major Rivers-Bulkeley . . .Killed Capt. Lord John Hamilton . Killed Col. Lowther . . . . . . .Wounded Capt. McIntosh . . . . . .Wounded Major Duff . . . . . . . .Wounded [annotation in ink]June 3, 1916 [end of clipping] [start of clipping] Soldiers' Service. Sunday evening church service was held at the Landsdowne Park training depot of the Engineers. The programme included solos by Miss Atcheson, Miss Gamble, and Mrs. Ryan. Mr. House was chairman and in the absence of the chaplain Mr. Kerslake briefly addressed the soldiers. At the close of the services the Soldiers; Service Club served light refreshments to the men in khaki. [end of clipping] [annotation in ink]June 4th [start of clipping] Exactly three months ago today, on February 20th., the terrific bombardment which heralded the Battle of Verdun began, and the first attack was delivered early on the morning of February 21st. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] SUMMARY OF LOSSES. British German BATTLESHIPS . . .0 . . . .3 Battle cruisers. 3 . . . .3 Light cruisers . 3 . . . .3 Destroyers . . . 8 . . . .6 Submarines . . . 0 . . . .1 Total . . . . . 14 . . . 16 **The British losses are tabulated from the official admiralty statement. Those of Germany on the Berlin official and such additional reports as have come from London. German vessels reported "seriously damaged" by the British Admiralty have been included in this list.
People Depicted:
Johnstone, Gordon; Cornish, B.; Hilliam, Bentley C.


Page Title:
Page 12_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page consists of 4 news clippings published in June 1916 covering topics that include: new recruits, the Queen Mary, promotions of officers, and the death of a Canadian M. P. in Europe. Page also includes two photographs depicting soldiers casually posed with young women and captioned: "Lc-Cpl Cornish - Lc. Cpl. Cradock" and "'Baz' - 'Emmy.'"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start of clipping] MORE MOTORBOATMEN GOING FROM CANADA Second Party of Recruits For British Auxiliary Patrol Will Leave Soon. The second party of Canadian recruits for the auxiliary motor boat patrol of the British navy will sail for England shortly. They will include sixteen sub-lieutenants and eight engineers, and will be under the command Louis Cory, son of the Deputy Minister of the Interior. Sub-Lieut. Cory a few years ago was a member of the Toronto University football team. One of the party will be E. D. K. Mathews, son of Mrs. Mathews, of 82 Somerset street, Ottawa. He goes as a sub-lieutenant. He is in the Electrical Standards Laboratory of the Inland Revenue Department. He is one of the best known and most capable of the younger school of motorboatmen in Ottawa, and is secretary of the Motor Boat Association of the Capital. Until He Returns. His launch is at the Rideau Aquatic Club and is of a similar type to the smaller class of launches that are now being built for the auxiliary patrol service of the navy. It has been raised out of the water and laid up until his return. Mr. Mathews has cruised extensively on local waters, and on the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario. He is regarded as one of the most capable motorboatmen in this part of the country. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] YOUNG OTTAWAN FIRED "QUEEN MARY" Gunner P. R. Odell, son of Mrs.W. s. Odell, of 67 Powell ave., having had the distinction of being one of the first Canadian soldiers to be entertained and shown over the now ill-fated cruiser Queen Mary, following his experience, wrote home to his mother a graphic description of this ocean monster. It was in last February that Gunner Odell was on furlough in Scotland, and while visiting some friends at a sea port town, he saw several war vessels lying in the harbor. Having expressed a wish to see them he was invited to go on board with his friends and was treated right royally by the officers. Writing home to his mother he said that a modern battleship is a wonder and the Queen Mary which sank a German cruiser off the Falkland Islands, sank two gunboats in an engagement off Heligoland and chased a German cruiser to port, carried about 1,000 men, making the complement slightly over sstrength. "She had," he said, "turbine engines, four propellers and every modern device known to modern naval warfare and her 1,000 horse power gave her greater power than the Lusitania." He fired the boilers, shovelling about half a ton of coal. In the torpedo room he was very interested looking at the tnbes, about22 inches in diameter and some 20 feet long. Being a gunner himself, the writer took a special delight in inspecting the large 13-inch gun, which he describes as being 60 feet long and about five feet at the breach. Although he understands them, he says that the machinery is too delicate and too complicated to explain. The shells stand about five feeet high and weigh about a ton. After a general inspection of the battleship, he and his friends had tea with the officers. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] FOUR 207TH OFFICERS ARE RAISED IN RANK Capt. Stewart and Lieuts. Plante, Gallagher and Owens Have Done Good Work For Battalion. Four more promotions of 207th officers are announced to-day. Capt. Stewart now takes the rank of major and Lieuts. Plante, Gallagher and Owens are raised to the rank of captain. These men have taken a keen and hearty interest in recruiting Ottawa's new battalion, and each have played a conspicuous part in gathering capable men from all parts of the Capital to fill the ranks of "MacLean's Athletes." This morning the 207th Battalion relieved the 77th Battalion guard doing duty in Hull. Lieut. Adams left on Saturday for Kingston, where he will take a signalling course. On Saturday night Sergt. Pritchard made a fine recruiting speech in the Regent Theatre, urging young men to come forward and serve their country. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] FIRST CANADIAN M. P. KILLED AT THE FRONT Col. "Harry" Baker, Who Represented Brome, Dies of Wounds Received in the Heavy Fighting on Friday---Popular With Both Parties. Col. G. H. Baker, whose death through wounds received in Friday's terrific attack on the Canadians, is announced this morning, is the first Canadian member of parliament to be killed at the front. "Harry" Baker, as he was affectionately known in the House of Commons, was beloved alike by Liberals and Conservatives. He was one of the younger group of men who came into parliament in 1911 as a supporter of Sir Robert Borden, defeating the Hon. Sydney Fisher in Brome. Although he came of a family whose name had long been one to conjure with in Canadian politics, he was modest and unassuming and rarely took part in the debates. But he was studious, painstaking and conscientious and was looked upon as one of the bright young members of the rank and file on the Conservative side. Previous to the war, he was Major of the 13th Scottish Light Dragoons. He went to the front as Colonel of the Canadian Mounted Rifles, and was probably the very finest example of that splendid type summed up in the phrase "an officer and a gentleman." [photograph in right column] COL. "HARRY" BAKER, M. P. [end of clipping] [annotation in ink]June 5 - 1916.
People Depicted:
Cornish, B.; Baker, G. H.; Emmerson, E.; Craddock; Cory, Louis; Mathews, E. D. K.; Odell, P. R.


Page Title:
Page 13
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 1 news clipping, "The Price of Empire," published June 5, 1916 and 4 photographs. Photographs are quite faded and depict scenes on the journey to and arrival for training in England. Captions include: "Silver Queen - His Majesty's Dirigible; Just Arrived in London - Engineers; Engineer Officers' Lines - Shorncliffe." An uncaptioned photograph depicting soldiers on a train is annotated 11/3/16 St. John.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
England--London; New Brunswick--St. John; England--Folkstone
Transcript:
[start of clipping] THE PRICE OF EMPIRE [line drawing of Canadian flag] Once more the sons of Canada have paid the price of Empire with their blood. Today's lengthy casualty list tells a grim story, but after all it is a record of devotion to duty unto death. This is a time when the need is for courage and fortitude. We must mourn for the brave lads who have paid the supreme sacrifice. But let us remember and be proud that they died in the noble cause of Justice, Liberty and Right; went down with faces to the sun. Once again our citizen volunteer soldiers have met and matched the trained conscripts of Prussia. They have taught the world what Ypres and Festubert made known that men of Canada would rather be acquainted with death than dishonor. Today an empire stands uncovered at their deeds. [annotation in ink]June 5th


Page Title:
Page 13_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page consists of 6 photographs taken during recruits' crossing on the SS Metagama and after landing at training camp Shorncliffe and other locations in England. Captions include: Life boat - Metagama; Jack's Berth; Lt. Jack Langford's Tent - Shorncliffe; Lt. B.C. Hilliam - Major Ward; Canterbury; Jack Langford - G. Holman & Two Belgiums.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
England--Shorncliffe; England--Canterbury
People Depicted:
Langford, J. A.; Holman, G.; Hilliam, Bentley C.; Ward


Page Title:
Page 14
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 6 photographs that depict George Westman, Harold Learoyd with unnamed young women (possibly Florence and her sister) posed in front of log fence. Photographs include general caption, Lc cpls. Geo. Westman & Harold Learoyd - May 24th 1916. Page also contains two clippings about recruitment for and training of the Forestry Battalion.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start of clipping] Another Forestry Battalion is to be raised in the eastern part of Canada. They are urgently needed in England and recruiting will be hurried with all possible speed. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] MORE SOLDIERS TO TRAIN HERE Ottawa will have about 1,500 men of the Forestry Battalion in training here. The 238th, now being organized, will go into the barracks vacated Tuesday of the Engineers Training Depot. It is expected that eventually the lumbermen will need both the Howick pavilion and the barracks on Isabella street to house all their men. The first lot, about 200, will move into Howick Hall early next week and the other recruits as soon as enlisted will be sent direct to barracks. The 238th will use Lansdowne Park for training purposes. Although it does not take as long to train a Forestry Battalion as it does an infantry unit for the reason that most of the men who enlist are accustomed to lumbering operation the same as they are going to do in England, yet it is expected that the battalion will be in barracks there for over a month. 4,000 Soldiers Here. Thus, though the 77th and the Engineers have both left the city, the number of men in trainnig[sic] here will not be materially reduced, and when the units now being enlisted are up to strength, there will be more soldiers training in Ottawa than at any time since the first mobilization of the men for the first contingent.The 207th will be 1,100 strong, the 230th 1,100 strong, the 238th about 1,500 strong, the Signallers about 350, making in all about 4,000 soldiers. Lt. Col. Smythe, M.P., commander of the 238th, has left for Vancouver to arrange for recruiting lumbermen there. A recruiting office has been started in Parry Sound one in the Cobalt district, and another at Arnprior. Ottawa will be the headquarters. It is expected that the battalion will go into barracks the first of next week at least 200 strong, not including officers. It has 114 men enlisted already and they are coming in rapidly. The battalion has authority to recruit men in Ontario and all provinces west. Among the promotions announced are: Sergt. J.H. Bradford to be pay sergeant; Pte. William Jesty, acting sergeant and pay clerk; Cyrille Archambeault, acting sergeant; Pte. Mellon Pearson, corporal; Pte. John Dagg, corporal. [end of clipping]
People Depicted:
Westman, George; Learoyd, Harold; Westman, Florence


Page Title:
Page 14_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 5 newspaper clippings published in 1916. Topics include: missing, wounded and dead soldiers with links to Ottawa; the sinking of the HMS Hampshire; and a memorial service held for Lt. Col. Herbert Buller, commander of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. People mentioned include: Herbert Buller, Lawrence Howard, Admiral John Jellicoe, Herbert Kitchener, and Hugh N. Fraser.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Transcript:
[start of clipping] RECENT PHOTO OF KITCHENER [photograph] [end of clipping] [start of clipping] REPORTED MISSING [photograph] CAPT. HUGH N. FRASER, reported "missing," is a son of Mr. John B. Fraser, of Ottawa, and is well known here. He was a very popular officer and was staff captain of the mounted infantry brigade, under Brig. General Victor Williams. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] THE MAN IN UNIFORM. Memorial Service. The quaint little church of St. Bartholomew, on McKay street, which faces Rideau Hall, was the scene yesterday morning of a very impressive event when a memorial service was held there for the late Lt.-Col. Buller, the third to command the Princess Patricias, who recently was killed in action. Like his predecessor, Lt.-Col. Farquhar, he was an aide to H. R. H. the Duke of Connaught at Government House, before the formation of this regiment. Col. Rivers-Bulkeley, the first commander of the famous regiment and Col. Farquhar, were also killed at the front. The rector of the church, Rev. Canon Haningron, preached a very appropriate sermon, paying a tribute to the late member of his congregation - that he was a good soldier and died at his post doing his duty. The preacher took his text as, "He is not God of the dead but of the living." He also referred to the splendid characteristics of the deceased. There were special hymns for the occasion, several chosen at the request of His Royal Highness the Governor General. They included "For all the Saints," "On the resurrection morning," "Fight the good fight," with Nunc Dimittis. During the offertory the organist, Mr. Minter, played "Rest in the Lord," by special request. There were also special prayers fro the occasion. Among those present were Their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia, Sir Robert and Lady Borden, Sir Henry Egan, Col. E. A. Stanton, Major Duff, Capt. Legh, Capt. S. H. Moore, R. C. N., Capt. MacIntosh, and other members of Government House staff. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] [JELLICO?] IN OFFICIAL REPORT HOLDS NO HOPE OF SURVIVORS THE ADMIRAL'S REPORT. Admiral Jellicoe's reports to the admiralty follow:-- "I have to report with deep regret that His Majesty's Ship Hampshire, Captain Herbert J. Savill, R.N., with Lord Kitchener and his staff on board, was sunk last night at about 8 o'clock, to the west of the ORkneys, either by a mine or a torpedo. Little Hope of Survivors. "Four boats were seen by observers on shore to leave the ship. The wind was north northwest and heavy seas were running. Patrol vessels and destroyers at once proceeded to the spot and a party was sent along the coast to search, but only some bodies and a capsized boat have been found up to the present. As the whole shore has been searched form the seaward, I greatly fear that there is little hope of there being survivors. "No report has yet been received from the search party on shore. "H.M.S. Hampshire was on her way to Russia." [end of clipping] [start of clipping] Capt. Howard. An Aylmer boy in the battalion is Capt. Lawrence Howard, a son of Mr. [photograph] CAPT. HOWARD and Mrs. L. A. Howard of the Lake Deschenes town. He saw much fighting in France but although wounded has been fortunate enough to recover. He is one of the young men of Aylmer who is a great credit to the town. He will command "B" company. [end of clipping]
People Depicted:
Fraser, Hugh; Kitchener, Herbert; Jellicoe, John; Buller, Herbert; Howard, Lawrence


Page Title:
Page 15
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 7 newspaper clippings and 2 photographs. Photographs depict soldier Bentley Hilliam accompanied by the captions "before" and "after." Clippings include a list of officers deployed from Ottawa, the unveiling of a plaque at Christ Church Cathedral honoring the 77th Battalion, and marriage announcements for "Whelen--Garner" and "Marshall--Ashfield."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start of clipping] MARRIAGES MARSHALL-ASHFIELD-On Saturday, June 10th, at St. Stephen's Church, Toronto, by Rev. Capt. T. G. Wallace, chaplain of the Canadian Egineers, Lieut. Joseph Atholstan Pembroke Marshall, of the Canadian Engineers, son of Mr. Joseph Marshall of London, Ont., to Olive Beatrice, daughter of Mr. William Francis Ashfield of Toronto. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] WHELEN-GARDNER At the home of the bride's parents 141 Cartier street, a wedding of military interest took place at half-past two o'clock this afternoon when Miss Bessie Gardner, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James R. Gardner, was married to Captain Otis G. Whelen, of the 207th Battalion, son of the late Peter Whelen, and Mrs. Whelen, all of Ottawa. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] 38th BATTALION LANDS IN BRITAIN, "ALL WELL" REPORT IN PRIVATE CABLE After Spending Best Part of Year in Vigorous Training in Bermuda Men Are in Splendid Physical Condition [end of clipping] [start of clipping] List of Officers With few changes the list of officers is the same as those who left Ottawa on August 1, 1915. The complete list is as follows: Lieut. Col. C. M. Edwards, Commanding. Major C. Ferguson, 2nd in Command. Major E. R. McNeill, Adjutant. Lieut. G. F. Armstrong, Asst. Adjutant. Lieut. G. G. Beil. (?) Lieut. D. Guthrie. Major E. A. Olver, Quartermaster. Major H. A. Folkens, Paymaster. Capt. J. Seager, Medical Officer. Capt. D. H. Hammell, Dental Officer. Capt. H. I. Horsey, Chaplain. "A" Company: - Major R. F. Parkinson, Commanding. Capt. T. H. Byrne. Lieut. R. E. Greene. Lieut. R. S. Stronach. Lieut. W. B. Megloughlin. Lieut. E. C. H. Moore. "B" Company: - Major J. A. C. Macpherson, Commanding. Capt. T. H. MacDowell. Lieut. and Bvt. Capt. H. A. Reifenstein. Lieut. J. G. Wallace. Lieut. K. A. Greene. "C" Company: - Captain R. W. Stewart, Commanding. Captain W. H. Morrison. Lieut. J. E. Muckle. Lieut. F. H. Hill. Lieut. H. C. Graves. Lieut. J. R. Morris. "D" Company. Major W. S. Wood. Capt. A. A. Sears. Lieut. R. P. Ziegler. Lieut. W. J. Wilby. Lieut. P. H. Gardner. Lieut. G. S. Macfarlane. [end of clipping] [start of clipping] 77th Tablet Unveiled. Archbishop Hamilton unveiled the 77th memorial tablet in Christ Church Cathedral yesterday morning. It was presented by Lt.-Taylor, second in command of the 77th Battalion on behalf of the men of the unit who have sued that church freely since the mobilization of the battalion here. The tablet is located at the right hand side of the nave and is made of brass. It bears the inscription that it was presented by the members of the battalion who had worshipped in Christ Church during the seven months of the regiment was in training here. Rev. Archdeacon Mackay in his sermon referred to the splendid record of the whole battalion. When the men of the 77th returned he thought the tablet would be a splendid reminder of the noble way they had responded to the call of King and Country. While absent it would remind the congregation of the brave members of the 77th and what a fine work they were doing. [end clipping] [start clipping] Officers Selected. The following officers have been selected to command the draft from the Canadian Engineers next in order to go overseas. Engineers' draft: Lieuts. G. P. Strong, Halifax; T. S. Maunsell, Ottawa; F. S. Jones, Ottawa; N. B. Jackson, Montreal; R. A. Rogers, Ottawa; J. M. Riddell, Ottawa; J. K. McDonald, Ottawa. Lieut. Maunsell is the son of Col. Maunsell, director of Engineering services, whose other son was killed in France. Signallers: Lieuts. L. E. Van Buskirk, Halifax; H. K. Cox, Toronto; W. Emery, Calgary; L. A. Lee, Toronto; S. H. Wilson, Ottawa. [end clipping] June 17-1916 [annotation in pencil]
People Depicted:
Woods, W. A.; Hilliam, Bentley C.; Marshall, Joseph; Ashfield, Olive; Whelen, Otis; Gardner, Bessie


Page Title:
Page 15_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 3 newspaper clippings published in 1916, Ottawa. Subjects include a letter written by Canadian pilot E. W. Farrow, describing conditions in France; the wounding of two brothers, Pte.'s Earle and Ormond Reid, and news about the 207th Batallion.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa; France
Transcript:
[start clipping] Enemy's Machine Smashed. One of the most interesting letters that have come from the front has been recently received by Mr. R. King Farrow, of 198 Carling avenue, from his son, Lieut. E. W. Farrow, of No. 12 Squadron, of the Flying Corps in France. The letter is probably one of the first and the most descriptive of aviation in France, to be received in Ottawa. The young Ottawa offer writes: "Haven't had a chance to write for a few days as the weather has been fine and I have been doing a lot of flying, in fact too much. Will be glad to get away on leave and was supposed to have gone on June 2nd. I have heard that all leave is to be stopped at the end of the month, (May), so that will cut me out. "Have been up for three hours this morning doing patrol. Yesterday afternoon another machine and mine had to do over and drop bombs on a stationary kite baloon and drive it down so that our guns could fire at it. The day before yesterday I was on early morning patrol, when I came on a Hun machine about 1,500 feet below me. It was on our side of the lines. My observer fired about 15 or 20 rounds at it and then I turned and chansed it across the enemy's lines. I was some 300 yards behind it when another of our machines dived on the enemy from above firing on it. We fired the balance of our drum about the same time. The Hun dived to the ground and about 2,000 feet from the ground it turned over and one of the occupants fell out. The machine struck the ground upside down and crashed. "I got a nice new machine about a week ago. It is very nice, but there is something wrong with the rigging as it is so slow in climbing. This morning I managed to get up to 11,000 feet but it took me a long time. Remember me to all - Earl." [end clipping] [start clipping] photograph Lieut. E. W. Farrow, son of Mr. R. King Farrow, who performed a daring feat of aviation at the front, and has written his father a vivid description of fighting in the air. [end clipping] [start clipping] SIGNALLERS TO STAY IN OTTAWA Has Separated From Engineers' Training Depot and is at Rockcliffe. The Signalling epot which has been part of the Engineers' Training depot here for the past year, has separated from that unit and has gone into camp at Rockcliffe, so Ottawa will retain a considerable part of the training establishment. The signallers are all comfortably located under canvas, their lines being just west of those of the 207th battalion. They have an excellent location and expect to send drafts overseas from time to time as the recruits become sufficiently advanced. The strenght of the depot will be about 350. Capt. Hedley is in command, assisted by Lieut. Webb. Sergt. Major Instructor Steele is the chief instructing non-Com. As detachment of about 5- signallers will arrive in Ottawa from Toronto this week. [end clipping] [start clipping] The 207th battaliion is delighted to have the Signallers in the same camp with them, as the more men there are, the better time for all. Rockcliffe will be made into as near an ideal camp as possible and the signallers with their excellent equipment, their horses, etc., will add much to the enjoyment of the camp life. They are a splendid type of well educated young men, drawn from various parts of the Dominion. [end clipping] [start clipping] BROTHERS WOUNDED IN HEAVY FIGHTING IN FRANCE. 1 photograph PTE. EARLE A. REID, of the 8th C.M.R., formerly of The Evening Journal Staff. As boys together they played. They went to the same school. Perhaps fought each other's battles, as good brothers should, and likely slept together. Now they are both engaged in the service of their King and Country. Both have been wounded. One has recovered and strong hopes are held out for the other. Brave boys, those of Mr. and Mrs. H.M. Reid, of 37 Third avenue. Pte. Ormond R. Reid was the first to enlist of the two. Being in Moose Jaw when the war broke out he enlisted with the 60th Rifles of that place and went overseas with the First Contingent. He was in the trenches for seven months "Somewhere in France." On Dec. 10th, he was wounded and recovering sufficiently [end page] [start page] 1 photograph PTE. ORMOND R. REID, of the 60th Rifles. rejoined his regiment and went back to the trenches last week. After his brother had gone Earle felt very strongly the call of duty and enlisting with the 8th C.M.R. left Ottawa last July, finding his way to the trenches nine days after his brother was wounded. He had good fortune to escape injury until the last "big" fight and was wounded himself on June 3rd. For a time he was connected with the business department of The Evening Journal, and although he only served in the capacity a comparatively short time, he was very popular with his fellow employees. His many friends hope that his injuries will not prove serious and that he will soon be recovered from his wounds. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Reid, Earle; Reid, Ormond; Farrow, Earl W.


Page Title:
Page 16
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes typed song lyrics, "The h'allies h'owe a h'awful lot to h'us," with annotation "composed and sung at Engineer's Concert by Bentley Hilliam" and a clipping advertising a "camp amusement carnival," featuring performances by members of the 207th Battalion and Canadian Engineers(June 1916), and intended to raise funds to erect an amusement hall at a training camp in Ottawa.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] Composed and sung at Engineer's Concert by Bentley William (annotation ink) THE H'ALLIES H'OWE A H'AWFUL LOT TO H'US. Do you want to see a patriotic picture? Peep into our parlour any night. See h'our little family h'assembled Workin' for the boys who've gone to fight. Mother's in commandof(sic) the proceedings, Lizzy is a kind of h'aide-de-camp. I collect the h'articles and pack them, H'assisted by the twins and little Tom. Sally's sendin' cigarettes for sergeants, Flora's sendin flannel for the French; Papa's busy packing pipes for privates, Tobacco for the tommies in the trench. Nelly's knittin' nighties for the Nivy, Never seen the folks in such a fuss, Though I say it now as didn't oughter, the h'Allies h'owe a h'awful lot to h'us. Talk about the cleanin' in the springtime. NOthin' to the mess we're in today! Sleepin' helmets dangle from the chair tops, H'and on the floor a wonderful h'array. Mother's in the middle of the debris, Only head and shoulders can be seen, Clicking of the scissors and the needles Minglin' with Penelope's machine. Clara's sendin' cholera belts to corporals Susan's sendin' sweaters to the Serbs, Gwen is givin' garments for the gunners, H'and many of the shirts are brother 'Erbs. Ruth is rustling rubbers for the Russians; No one ever dreams of feedin' puss. Through I says it now as didn't oughter, the h'Allies h'owe a h'awful lot to h'us. [end clipping] [start clipping] Camp Amusement Carnival Cartoon drawing Britannia Park Saturday Aft. and Eve June 24th, 1916 Concerts --- Dancing Moving Pictures in Auditorium Black and White Eyed Minstrels By the N.C.O.'s and men of the 207th Battalion and Canadian Engineers. BRITANNIA BOAT CLUB HALL. Proceeds to be devoted to the erection of an amusement hall in each camp where Canada's soldiers will be in training for the Summer. Here is your chance to help along a proposition to furnish the Boys in Khaki with some properly organized amusements while in Camp. Come out and enjoy ourselves on Saturday, June 24th. [end clipping]


Page Title:
Page 16_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes clippings from an event program produced for a "camp amusement carnival: in aid of the provision of organized amusements for our soldiers in military camps throughout Canada," held at Britannia Park, Ottawa, June 24th 1916. The cover drawing depicting soldiers and tents is signed BC Hilliam.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] In Aid of the Provision of Organized Amusements for our Soldiers in Military Camps Throughout Canada. Camp Amusement Carnival Direction. LIEUT. B.C. HILLIAM. Drawing BRITANNIA-ON-THE-BAY SATURDAY, JUNE 24TH, 1916. [end clipping] [start clipping] Camp Amusement Carnival Song (to be rendered in the Afternoon by MIss GEORGIA FERGUSON and in the Evening by Q.M.Sergt. MERRYWEATHER) [end clipping] [start clipping] "MAKE THE HOME CAMPS BRIGHTER" --- (Tune: "Till the Boys Come Home.") With apologies to Mr. Ivor Novello, composer of this popular soldiers' song. --- There are boys in old Valcartier, And in Borden, Rockcliffe, Hughes Petawawa, Sarcee, Vernon, Or in any Camp you choose; They are far from home and loved ones And the hours must oft seem long, So to all whose thoughts are with them I commend this simple song. "Make the Home Camps brighter, and our boys' hearts lighter, Send them mirth and music As a gift from home; If we all can only Cheer them when they're lonely, We'll receive their thanks for this When the boys come home!" Let us heed the voice of conscience When it whispers, "Do your Bit," Just exactly as it whispered To the million men of grit. Though we may not do as they did, Though we could not, if we would, We can surely all do SOMETHING For our far-off Soldiers' good! "Make the Home Camps brighter," etc. [end clipping] [start clipping] Soldiers' Service Club Through the kindness of Mr. Rogers, the ladies of the above Club will sell you ROGERS' ICE CREAM, Strawberries and Cream, Home-made Cakes and Candies, Peanuts, Popcorn, and all kinds of Fruits and Soft Drinks, including Home-made Lemonade and Punch. Afternoon Tea. Light Refreshments. High Tea. PARCELS CHECKED AT S.S.C. TENT. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Ferguson, Georgia;


Page Title:
Page 17
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 4 photographs depicting soldiers and soldiers and women ice skating and a printed sheet announcement for "Camp Amusement Carnival at Britannia on June 24th.". Captions include: Sappers Laurie & Coulthard; School of Practical Science, Toronto Varsity '19; Sapper J. Norval; Sap. Junkins; left Ottawa June 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start page] A CONVERSATION Bertha: "Of course, you're going to the C.A.C?" Edith: Don't know, what is it?" Bertha: The CAMP AMUSEMENT CARNIVAL at BRITANNIA on JUNE 24TH" Edith: "I wish poor Harry was here to take me" Bertha: "Where is Harry now?" Edith: "In camp, quite a long way from the nearest town." Bertha: "then by all means help him by going to the C.A.C. The entire proceeds are going towards Organized Amusements for our Soldiers in Military Camps throughout Canada. Come with our crowd at 2 o'clock, and stay till the end. There'll be a Special Car Service" Edith: "I certainly will. The dear lads need all the diversions they can get. Harry says in his laste letter....." You can imagine the rest. BE SURE AND FOLLOW THE EXAMPLE OF BERTHA AND EDITH Popular Concerts, Band Programmes, Special Motion Pictures and Dancing, Khaki Minstrels, Al Fresco Teas, all provided by the talent and good nature of Ottawa. JUNE 24TH AFTERNOON AND EVENING. [end page]
People Depicted:
Laurie; Coulthard; Junkins; Norval, J.


Page Title:
Page 17_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page reveals photographs and captions: Sappers Laurie & Coulthard; School of Practical Science, Toronto Varsity '19; Sapper J. Norval; Sap. Junkins; left Ottawa June 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
[1916-1917]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Laurie; Coulthard; Junkins; Norval, J.


Page Title:
Page 17_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes 3 newspaper clippings, "Pte. Geo. Raynor Killed in Action," "Lt. Jack Lews Home on Leave: Ottawa soldier was wounded during night operations at St. Eloi," and "His Death was Glorious One: Inspiring story of how third son of late General Cotton gave his life." Photograph depicts group of seated soldiers and is captioned "fatigue."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
France--Mont-Saint-Eloi
Transcript:
[start clipping] PTE. GEO. RAYNOR KILLED IN ACTION --- Word has been received of the death of Pte. George T. Raynor, only son of Mr. T.G. Raynor, representatitve for eastern and northern Ontario of the seed brach of the department of agriculture, and Mrs. Raynor, of 9 Regent street, Ottawa. Pte. Raynor was killed in action between the 2nd and 4th of June in the recent heavy fighting around Ypres. He was 22 years of age and enlisted in January, 1915, going overseas with a draft from the 8th C.M.R. He had been in the trenches since the end of last October. He was a student and attended at different times Elgin and Cartier public schools, the Ottawa collegiate institute and the Ontario Agricultural College at Guelph. He had recently been on survey work. He was an active member of the Excelsior Club of McLeod Street Methodist church. Born at Rose Hall, Prince Edward county, Ontario, He came from United Empire Loyalist stock and fully upheld the traditions of those who long ago came to Canada to live under the flag for which Pte. Raynor has now paid the last sacrifice. [end clipping] [start clipping] LT. JACK LEWIS HOME ON LEAVE --- Ottawa Soldier Was Wounded During Night Operations at St. Eloi. --- Lieut. "Jack" Lewis has returned home on a two months' leave to recover from the wounds he received at the front. The well known Ottawa officer is recovering nicely and is most optimistic of the future. "They seem to be in better sprits in England and in France than they are here," he said. "The boys of the signal section with which I was, were in good health when I left and were doing good work. I was with the 2nd Divisional Signal company under Major Bogart. Major Bogart is a splendid officer." Major Bogart is well known in Ottawa where he was for some months during the time the Second Divisional Engineers were in training here. Lt. Lewis was wounded at St. Eloi shortly before the big engagement there. He was at work at night laying cables underground to the front trenches when a stray bullet caught him. He was in the hospital at Folkestone for some time. [end page] [start page] The signallers in the trench warfare have little flags waving to do, although in spare time they keep up the practice in the semaphore and Morse with their flags so that if the occasion presents itself to enable them to use the flag signals they will not have forgotten how. Practically all the communications are kept up by wire. All the cables to the front trenches have to be laid at night, but in the positions further back the work can be done in the day time. There is some lamp signalling. Lt. A. A. Anderson, son of Lt.-Col. Anderson of Ottawa is with the same signal section as Lieut. Lewis, and is proving a most capable officer. Lieut. Lewis was in England when the news of the naval battle off Jutland was announced. The first reports cast a gloom over the islands but the later announcements brought out, that what seemed at first a defeat, was in reality a victorya, and gradually changed the feeling. There was however deep mourning for the many brave men who went down during the sea fight. He spoke of the deep grief that spread over England at the death of Earl Kitchener. [end clipping] [start clipping] HIS DEATH WAS GLORIOUS ONE --- Inspiring Story of How Third Son of Late General Cotton Gave His Life --- Captain Charles Penner Cotton, the third son of the late General William Henry Cotton, adjutant- general, who was reported as missing after the last big battle at Ypres, is now reported as having been killed in action, and the story of his death is a most inspiring one and well worthy of the grand family from which he came. He is the third brother to make the supreme sacrifice in the cause of empire. The eldest son, Harry Cotton, was killed in South Africa and the youngest son, Capt. Ross Penner Cotton, was in the casualty list only the other day as having been killed in action in France. The three boys were grand-nephews of the late Co. Thomas Ross, who raised the G. G. F. G., and father of Mrs. J. A. Clayton, Cobourg street. Capt. Charles Cotton gave his life in the brilliant fighting in which the Canadians recovered the lost ground a few days ago. "In the counter-attack Captain Charles Cotton, son of General Cotton and picked crews of three guns, smuggled them out within three hundred yards of the enemy parapet - our former parados - and blew open a way for the Canadian infantry. "Each man knew that only a miracle could save him. One by one they dropped away, wounded or until killed. Capt. Cotton, badly wounded, was the only one left, feeding the single gun that was effective, he fired shrapnel at close range at the Huns who attempted to stem our attack. "Weakening from loss of blood, he happened to see a wireless operator, whose aerial had been shot away, showed him how to use time fuses. The two of them worked the gun until an unlucky hit blew it to smithereens. The operator had a marvellous escape, but Capt. Cotton was never seen again, though with the dawn volunteers searched the place for his body." [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Raynor, George T.; Cotton, Charles P.; Lewis, Jack


Page Title:
Page 18
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains a program for the Olympic Young Men's Club second annual banquet, May 4, 1916, at St. Paul's Methodist Church, Ottawa and two photographs. Photographs are captioned "Sgt. Sullie Sutherland" and "Sullie."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Sutherland


Page Title:
Page 18_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
First inside page of program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 18_b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Third image of program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Westman, George


Page Title:
Page 18_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains a satirical cartoon depicting subjects of personal interest to Florence Westman. Caption: B.C. Hilliam expresses a few ideas.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--Caricatures and cartoons
Date:
[1916]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 19
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains five photographs depicting Florence Westmans's brother George with "Bud" Lang and two unnamed women. Captions include: Sapper "Bud" lang -- Lc Cpl Westman; Lc cpls "Bud" Lang -- Geo Westman; Entraining A pl 13; Field Day.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
[1916]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Westman, George; Lang


Page Title:
Page 19_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains two photographs, space for a missing photograph and a collage drawing. Captions include: ?; Facsimily of poster for regatta; Sapper Harry Mount on duty; Sapper Joe Breen July 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Mount, Harry


Page Title:
Page 20
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains one photographic postcard depicting Halles of Ypres before and after the bombardment and the June 17, 1916 edition of the Listening Post, a trench newspaper, written by and for Canadian soldiers serving in WWI.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Belgium--Leper


Page Title:
Page 20_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Front page of The Listening Post
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Maylor, Henry; Orr, W. F.


Page Title:
Page 20_b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Pages 98 and 99 of The Listening Post
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 20_c
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Pages 96 and 97 of The Listening Post
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 20_d
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Pages 94 and 95 of The Listening Post
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 20_e
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Back page of The Listening Post
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 20_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains one postcard depicting Halles at Ypres, Belgium before and after bombardment, a news clipping "A Dominion Day in France," and a program for the Britannia Boating Club regatta held to "raise funds for patriotic purposes" and led by Miss W. Westman and Miss M. Young in July of 1916, Ottawa.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work
Date:
1916-07
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa; Belgium--Leper
People Depicted:
Westman, Winniefred; Young, M.


Page Title:
Page 20_verso_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Inside of Regatta program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-07
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 21
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Loose item found between these pages is a typed poem, likely written by friends on the occasion of Norman Senior's (husband to Florence Westman, m. 1917) departure for Victoria in 1919.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916; 1919
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 21_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains six photographs depicting scenes and soldiers from Petawawa military training camp, Ontario, 1916. Captions include: fatigue 1, bake ovens - 600 loaves of bread, here we are again, Pte "Bill" Landriau.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa
People Depicted:
Landriau, William


Page Title:
Page 21_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 6 photographs depicting soldiers and scenes at Shorncliffe military camp located in Kent, England. Captions include: In a happy mood at Shorncliffe, Sappers Harris - Harrison, After receiving a punk meal at Shorncliffe, Sappers Learoyd and Arbuthnot, Just leaving for "Somewhere in France" - Jack, Sapper Willard Finch, Hutt at Bramshott July 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Finch, Willard G.; Learoyd, Harold; Arbuthnot; Harris; Harrison, L.


Page Title:
Page 22
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains two photographs depicting soldiers and civilians attending a picnic on June 23, 1916, likely in or near Ottawa, Ontario. Page also contains a concert program presented by the Miliary YMCA of the 207th Battalion, at Rockliffe Camp, Ottawa.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Young Men's Christian associations
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.; Burton, Robert; Laing; Moore; Burns; Westman


Page Title:
Page 22_a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Inside of 207th Battalion concert program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 22_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 4 newspaper clippings headlined: Lieut. Eric Skead is Badly Wounded--and Prisoner in a German Hospital; Have Self-Denial Day for Soldiers; Brits' Patriotic Regatta Receipts Distributed; and The 'Signals'. Page also includes two photographs of soldiers: one, captioned, "Bob".
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa; Belgium--Leper
People Depicted:
Skead, Eric S.


Page Title:
Page 23
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains a newspaper clipping depicting a photograph that includes the caption, "Sixty young officers who are leaving now to supply a modern army with its dailyt requirements. Members of the Permanent School of Instruction of the Army Service Corps, spring class, at Quebec." Page is annotated: Lt. A.H. Leggo, Lt. D. Hopewell.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Quebec
People Depicted:
Leggo, Alpheus H.; Hopewell, Douglas


Page Title:
Page 23_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 7 photographs depicting soldiers and young women - "Tea Served to the Signallers by the Soldiers' Service Club, August 3rd - 1916." People depicted: Sap. Willard Finch; Sap. Bob Burton; Sap 'Weary' Burns; Sap. Joe Breen; Sapper Simpson; and Sapper Harold Learyod.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work
Date:
1916-08-03
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Finch, Willard; Burton, Robert; Burns; Breen, Joseph; Simpson; Learoyd, Harold


Page Title:
Page 24
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains a program for a vaudeville show directed by Lance-Corporal B.C. Hilliam that includes soldier and civilian performers, a letter written by a Canadian prisoner of war in Germany, May 26, 1916, a photograph of B.C. Hilliam and a colour drawing of flags. Program includes advertisements for Ottawa businesses.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Prisoners of war; World War, 1914-1918--War work
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Germany--Giessen; Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.


Page Title:
Page 24 a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Second image of page showing inside pages of minstrel program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 24 b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Third image of program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 24 c
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Fourth image of program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 24 d
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Final image of page reveals photograph of B. C. Hilliam and drawing of flags.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.


Page Title:
Page 24_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 6 photographs - studio portraits and amateur shots - depicting soldiers, including Florence Westman's brother, George. Captions include: Sapper Harrie Mount; Lc. Cpl. George Westman; Lc. Cpl. Harold Learoyd, Sapper Armitage; Lc. Cpl. George Westman; Arbuthnot.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Westman, George; Mount, Harry; Learoyd, Harold; Armitage; Arbuthnot


Page Title:
Page 25
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 6 photographs and two loose items (described after the scrapbook page images).
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 25 a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 6 photographs depicting Florence Westman's brother George along with other soldiers on horseback and civilians in a car at the "chute", August 1916. Captions include: Lc. Cpl. G. Westman; Sapper Bob Burton; Bob and George; At the "chute"; and "chute" August 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Westman, George; Burton, Robert


Page Title:
Page 25_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 6 photographs depicting George Westman, other soldiers, and a Bank of Montreal military pay office at Barriefield Camp, near Kingston, Ontario in 1916. Captions include: Scalawags - Bodie, Breen, Harrison, Finch, Angus; Probationer George Westman; and Barriefield Camp - 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Barriefield
People Depicted:
Westman, George;


Page Title:
Page 26
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 5 newspaper clippings. Subjects include the departure of the 238th Battalion for Halifax, the announcement of officer commissions from camps in England, and the death of a local (Ottawa) soldier at the Front. Page also includes a photograph depicting the Signals military baseball team in 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Baseball teams; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Transcript:
[start clipping] FORESTRY BATTN. GOES TO HALIFAX --- Fine Show of Men Leaving Connaught Park. --- The 238th Forestry Batt., left its quarters at Connaught Park yesterday morning on two special trains provided by Canadian Pacific Railway Company for Halifax, where the men will spend some time in training before embarking for England. An ethusiastic group of women were on the grounds to bid goodbye to the departing battalion, and the men responded with a zeal that will not be forgotten. Sharp at 11 o'clock the bugle call sounded, the men sprung to attention and the command, "Quick march," filed in fours to the waiting trains. Lieut.-Col. W. R. Smyth led the battalion and the men, who are of fine physical build, presented a splendid appearance. The regiment, which was recruited in a very short period, is something like 200 men over strenght, and as this extra body is not required by the commanding officer of the battalion, a base company will be left over to join the 242nd Forestry Battalion now udner formation by Lieut.-Col. J. B. White, with recruiting headquarters as Montreal. Recruiting for the 238th Battalion covered from Ontario to the Pacific Coast. One one hundred men from Vancouver, Edmonton and Prince Rupert, arrived after a journed of four and a half days. Other members of the battalion, estimated at about two hundred, will go direct from Toronto to Halifax and form with the battalion there. Lieut.-Col. Smythe, the commanding officer, did not leave Ottawa today with the battalion. He is leaving for his home at Rydale, Ont., where he will spend some days with his family. The first train pulled away from the Connaught Park station at 11.45 and the second followed immediately after. When the units reaches Montreal sleeping cars will be provided for the rest of the journey. [end clipping] August 23 - 1916. (annotation in ink) [start clipping] Items The English Camps. (Canadian Associated Press.) LONDON, Aug. 29.- The undermentioned have received a commission in the Canadian forces. Sergt. W. Reid, artillery, Lieut.-Col. R. H. Lloyd, 30th Res.; Sergt.-Major C. B. Rinling, medicals. Corp. J.D.McCall, 2nd Signallers; Pte. H.S.Ritchie, 24th; Sergt.-Major Sewell, 14th (?); Sergt. R.D. Miller, 3rd Signallers; Sergt. Virgo, 6th Field Ambulance; Sapper W.J. Rutherfored, 2nd Signallers; Lce.-Cpl. R.D. Laing (?), 2nd Signallers; Act.-Cpl.D. S. Taylor, 1st Cav. Supply; Sergt. H. Dickson, 18th; Sapper E.L. Gibson, 1st Engineers. Lt. N.R. Gooday, 69th, transferred to 33rd. Lieut. T.H. Parker, Engineers attached to Pioneers Training Depot, Caiser's Camp. Lieut. Latimer, Ottawa, is attached to the 30th Res., West Sandling. Captain Tucker, Regina, attached to 9th Alberta Res. Shorncliffe. [end clipping] [start clipping] 1 photograph Pte. Chas. Alexander Believed to Be Dead. Private Charles Alexander, whose name appears in today's casualty list under the heading "presumed dead for official purposes," was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Alexander, 77 Lees avenue, Ottawa East. Prior to the war he was employed in the militia department. His father is an architect in the naval department. Pte. Alexander enlisted with the 2nd Battalion and was reported missing more than a year ago after the St. Julien battle. When last seen, Pte. Alexander was wounded and a prisoner in the hands of the Huns on the field of battle. A fierce charge was made over the area shortly after and Pte. Alexander has not been seen since. [end clipping] [start clipping] Mr. G. Gerald Blyth has arrived safely in England where he will take up his duties as a sub-liteutenant in the R.N.V.R. Motor Boat Patrol Service. [end clipping] [start clipping] Lieut. Gordon H. Rochester, who has been in Montreal for the past three weeks in connection with the 242nd Overseas Battalion, is at present in Ottawa. [end clipping] 1 photograph
People Depicted:
Alexander, Walter Charles; McCall, J. D.; Rutherford, W. J.; Laing, R. D.; Taylor, D. S.


Page Title:
Page 26_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 2 newspaper clippings - Lieut. E. Skead is Heard From, Soldiers' Service Club have Marquee at Ex., September 1916; typed lyrics to song, "Bramshott Camp" and two photographs. Photo captions include: Sappers Jo Breen-Bob Bodie and Sapper Robertson 1916 - our guard. The tintype of Sapper Robertson is in poor physical condition and is no longer legible.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work; Prisoners of war
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
England--Bramshott Common; Ontario--Ottawa; Germany--Mainz
Transcript:
[start typed page] BRAMSHOTT CAMP. To the Tune of "A little Bit of Heaven". Sure a little drop of water fell from out the sky one day. It fell upon the surface of a lump of mud and clay. And when the War Office found it, it looked so sweet and rare, They said "Suppose we grab it and put a camp right there". So they covered it with Canadians just to make the mud piles grow, It's the only place you'll find them, no matter where you go; Then they covered it with raindrops, just to make it nice and damp, And when they had it finished, Sure they called it BRAMSHOTT CAMP. [end typed page] [start clipping] LIEUT. E. SKEAD IS HEARD FROM --- Well Known Ottawa Athlete is Wounded and Prisoner in Mayence, Germany. --- Information has finally been received by his relatives as to the whereabouts and welfare of Eric Skead, a well known Ottawa boy who was reported wounded and missing several months ago. His father, Mr. E.S. Skead, who was one of the stewards at the race meeting of the Connaught Park Jockey Club last week, has received a letter from his son, in which Eric states that he is a prisoner of war in Mayence, Germany. He was wounded in the back and in one of his knees in one of the lively skirmishes that preceded the British offensive some time ago. Eric went overseas with one of the local battalions two years ago and was through some of the heaviest fighting. It appears that in repulsing a desparate German attempt to encircle one of the British positions, Lieut. Skead and amy of his company were completely cut off. Nearly every man in the platoon went down. (illegible) [end column] [start column] Is Prisoner of War. 1 photograph LIEUT. ERIC SKEAD. [end clipping] SOLDIERS' SERVICE CLUB HAVE MARQUEE AT EX. --- All this week at the exhibition the Soldiers' Service Club will occupy a marquee situated between the front and side entrance of the main building. There these patriotic women are serving ice cream cones, soft drinks, peanuts and hot corn on the cobs in Coney Island style. The entire proceeds will be devoted to assisting the soldiers. At a recent meeting of the club the reports proved that the members have spent the holiday season in untiring labor for the comfort of the soldiers. The treasurer's statement was most gratifying, and it is truly worth noting that with but a small membership this club raised during the past six months over six hundred dollars. --- [end clipping] Sept. 9 - 1916 to Sept. 16 - 1916.[annotation in ink]
People Depicted:
Skead, Eric; Breen, J.; Bodie, Robert


Page Title:
Page 27
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains an invitation (for the family of Thomas Westman) to and program for a Field Sports day held at Valcartier Camp, Quebec and two newspaper clippings that discuss the wounding of two soldiers and the success of a local soldier at the Front.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Quebec--Valcartier
Transcript:
[start clipping] One of the many young Canadian newspapermen who has made good at the front is Lieut. Frank Badgley, who for a time was a reporter on a local publication. Shortly after the declaration of war in August, 1914, he enlisted as a gunner with the Second Field Battery. For good work on the field he was one of the first to receive a commission. With exception of a few days he has been at the front almost continuously. Lieut. Badgley is a McGill man and since being overseas has found sufficient time to send a few constributions to the paper on which he was employed before enlisting. [end clipping] [start clipping] POPULAR LIEUTENANT STRONACH WOUNDED Wound is Not Serious, However, According to Private Cables- Majoar McNeill Improves. --- Lieut. Stronach of A Company, 38th Battalion, and one of its most popular officers, has been wounded, according to private cables received today. The wound is not serious, and he will probably be able to return to service shortly. Major McNeill, who was wounded in the thigh, will be ready for the trenches again in about three weeks. [end clipping] Nov. 11 - 1916.[annotation in ink]
People Depicted:
Badgley, Frank C.; Thompson, B. L.; Wilson, E. W.


Page Title:
Page 27 a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of Field Day program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 27 b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
3rd image of Field Day program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 27 c
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
4th image of Field Day program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 27_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 4 newspaper clippings reporting wounding and death of local (Ottawa) soldiers overseas, the laying of a cornerstone at Parliament Hill, and an entertainment hosted by the Soldiers Service Club in Landsdowne Park - all date from September to November 1916. Photograph depicts a young child wearing a soldier's uniform.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] CAPT. ART BLACK IN CASUALTIES --- Ottawa Athlete Has Been Wounded. --- Two Other Ottawa Men Are Dead. --- Captain Arthur William Black, whose name appears among the wounded in this morning's casualty list is a son of Mrs. A.W. Black of Ottawa and a son-in-law of Mr. Charles Whitley, 111 Cooper street. Mr. Whitley, who has just returned to the city with his family from his summer cottage, received a cable a few days ago which stated that Captain Black had been wounded by gunshot in the leg. It did not say whether the wound was serious. Captain Black went from Ottawa to Kingston in the fall of 1915, where he spent the winter training with his battalion. In the spring he went overseas with the second contingent as a lieutenant in an Ottawa battalion. A short time after getting overseas he was promoted to the rank of captain. He was a graduate of the Ottawa University and prior to enlisting he was employed in the post offcie. He is well known in Ottawa's amateur athletic circles. He was a crack rugby. He was born in England but lived the grater part of his life in Ottawa. He is 23 years of age. His mother, his wife and two children are living in Ottawa at 111 Cooper street. [end clipping] [start clipping] IS REPORTED WOUNDED 1 photograph CAPT. ARTHUR WM. BLACK. Capt. Arthur William Black, reported wounded with gunshot in the leg, is a well known athlete, having been a member of the Ottawa Football team for several years. His wife and young child and mother live in the Captial. He went overseas with an Ottawa-Kingston battalion as lieutenant and was promoted captain on the field. [end clipping] Sept. 18 - 1916.(annotation in ink) [start clipping] WHEN THE DUKE PUT NEW CORNER STONE IN POSITION. 1 photograph This picture was taken during the ceremony of laying the corner-stone on Parliament Hill yesterday. Besides being a record of an interesting event, it shows the public what happened to the building itself about which there is so much controversy. The walls have been completely razed, and nothing remains but the library. [end clipping] [start clipping] ENTERTAINMENT GIVEN AT LANSDOWNE PARK --- Under the direction of the Soldiers' Service Club a splendid entertainment was given at Lansdowne Park, where the Divisional Signallers are stationed. Major Thompson gave a short and interesting address. Lieut. B. C. Hilliam very creditably rendered a piano solo; Sert. S. E. Adamson, a baritone solo, and Mr. W. J. Nixon sang a tenor solo. Sappers Fraser, Cain Jones and Anderson also sang, and Miss Shoemaker accompanied them upon the piano. The club served cake and coffee, and old friends had an opportunity to shake hands with Capt. Hadley and his bride. [end clipping] Nov. 9 - 1916. [annotation in ink]
People Depicted:
Black, Arthur; Hilliam, B. C.;


Page Title:
Page 28
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains the first part of a newspaper clipping, continued on the following scrapbook page, from the Ottawa Free Press. The article, by F. A. McKenzie, describes fighting at the Front in Ypres, Belgium.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Belgium--Leper
Transcript:
[start clipping] IN THE BLOODY SALIENT AT YPRES WHERE THE HUNS FIRE THREE WAYS --- F.A. McKenzie, Free Press Staff Correspondent, Visits Worst Part of the Line Where Canadians Hold Back Flower of German Army. By F.A. McKenzie, Staff Correspondent of The Free Press at the Front. This article has been read and passed by the censors at the General Headquarters of the British Army in Flanders. In one of the side streets of Ypres, close to what is left of the old Infantry Barracks, someone has put up a sign, with a finger mark pointing to the road homewards, "This way to Blighty." Underneath it another hand has printed another sign, pointing in the opposite direction, "This way to Hell!" Don't be shocked at the language. When you have had a few hours in the trenches you will at least understand why it is that men, faced by events far greater than they ever realized possible before, seek to express them by strong words. And the fighting that has gone on in the Ypres salient day by day for close on two years seems to defy ordinary language. It is on this front that the Canadians, since the first contingent came out a year and eight months ago, have fought their battle. It is here that many and many a British regiment has a terrible cost crowned its fame. It is difficult to realize what a short way the "bloody salient" is from London. I have traveled on the Hampstead tube in the morning, and stood on Hill 60 at night. The London morning papers are often delivered at the brigade headquarters the same evening. And yet, half a day apart in time, London and Ypres represent the very opposite extremes of life. [end column] [start column] Come with me across the carefully guarded lines. I fyou are wise you will be in khaki, for the man who goes astray in civilian clothes in the dark is apt to meet the business end of a sentry's bayonet in painful fashion. Before you approach Ypres itself the authorities will see that you are equipped with a "tin hat" - otherwise known as a steel helmet, and a gas mask. At first you may smile at this equipment; you will not smile for long. When there comes an air fight overhead - and you will not be in the salient half a day without witnessing one - the Hun guns rain shell into the sky. As the planes approach you, the fragments will drop near where you are. If you cannot take shelter - and it is often quite impossible - the tin hat may save your life, as it has saved many another. A small fragment of shell falling on a cap might kill you; if it falls on the tin hat it will be deflected harmlessly to the ground. Donning the Gas Mask. But the gas mask guards one agaisnt the greatest danger of all. Shells may drop all around and leave you untouched. But let the poison gas come, and the man who is unprepared dies. Once the signal goes around the lines, "Gas Alert - On," you pin the hideous head-dress to your coat, ready for instant use. When the clanging of empty shell cases and other insistent noises are heard that warn you that a gas attack is coming, on goes the helmet. You grab it firmly around your throat, you feel carefully that it is not bulging at the neck - many a man has died through this - you button [end column] [start column] your coat tightly up, and then if you can, you stand still. It is a question of seconds betweeen you and death. "Have you practiced putting your gas mask on?" the captain in charge asked me, as I was spending the night on his section of the front trenches. "No? Well, do it at once. Start now - right away!" My fingers fumbled at the buttons of the gas helmet, and my glasses got in the way as I tried to pull it over my head. Strive as I would my collar would not come up quickly. "Umph!" grunted the captain, with brutal kindness. "You'll be a casualty if you can't do better than that. Last night the gas came on us in 20 seconds. Now, try again." But it is not only in the front trenches that you need to be careful of gas. Leave or forget anything else you please, but never part from your gas helmet. We approach Ypres through Poperinghe, the little town of big churches, and through the village of Viamertinghe. There are ruins before you come to Ypres, but nothing prepares one for the sight of the town itself. Sixteen months ago Ypres was destroyed by the heavy German shell fire and was deserted by its inhabitants. Those of us who saw it then described it as the acme of desolation. One Year In Rain of Shells. But it has had over a year of heavy, continuous further shelling since then. It still forms the focus for the Hun fire from the great arc of enemy lines around. Houses that I remember a year ago as then bearing some resemblance to their original shape, are now nothing but broken bits of party walls. Here a circular staircase is left hanging apparently on nothing; here stands a bit of front telling of a gay boarding house. The old monster water tower, for long a familiar landmark, now lies wrecked on the ground. Here is a bronze pillar box, apparently untouched. The fine tower of the cathedral has only one side left, and that has a big slice out of its centre. The grand old Church of St. Pierre is a pitiful wreck, and its famous monster bell, reputed to be made of sivler, rests securely by one of our guard rooms. Ypres today is little more than a succession of roadways, of crumbling walls. [end column] [start column] [illegible]. It has been possible to drive up to here. Now we must go afoot. Horse or car beyond Ypres gates would attract so many shells that our journey would be a short one. Look around at the city walls as we leave them. Vauban planned them. They seem to defy time, and they are merely pock-marked by the shells that have struck them. Notice the swans and cygnets swimming peacefully and gracefully in the moat. The mother swan sat on her eggs undisturbed by heavy shelling. Even when one shell burst quite close she did not stir. Her cygnets were hatched in the midst of a particularly heavy bombardment. The Lille Road, between the city and the front trenches, is not considered healthy. It is a favorite target for the Hun artillery, who are specially partial to one point on it, Shrapnel Corner. We decide to walk, not along the road, but through the rank, grass-grown fields. As we pass parallel with Shrapnel Corner there comes a gentle whizzing through the air, that steadily grows louder. It ends with a big exposion and a cloud of smoke just by the corner. "Lucky for us we didn't take the main road," says the young staff officer guiding us. A few minutes alter there comes another shell, again to our right. Shell Hole As Refuge. Generally three shells follow one another. We have to turn to the right to reach our destination. We wait for the third shell, but it doesn't come, so we decide to chance it. "If you hear another coming, jump into a shell hole and lie flat," the captain commands. "Never mind if it's full of water. Shells never strike the same place twice." There is no difficulty in finding a shell hole. The ground is thickly dotted with them, as though they had been scattered out of a pepper box. There is a rattling sound overhead, harsh and insistent, like the click of a Lewis machine gun. Somewhere overhead an aeroplane fight is going on. But search the skies as we will we cannot see it. Now our anti-aircraft guns open, shell following shell very rapidly. Some sharp whistles are heard from nearby. It is the familiar Ypres signal: "Enemy aircraft overhead - take shelter!" You cannot take shelter in the midst of an open field, but we know the Taube will not waste bombs on us, and so we [illegible] [end clipping] continued [annotation in ink]


Page Title:
Page 28_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains the continuation of a news article from the previous scrapbook page and 3 photographs depicting women knitting, two soldiers, and Rockcliffe camp - a Canadian Forces base in the eastern part of Ottawa, 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Belgium--Leper; Ontario--Ottawa;
Transcript:
[start clipping] We are now really in the midst of the famous salient. Here is Zillebeke, and beyond is Maple Copse and Sanctuary Wood, the heart of the great fight in early June, when the Wurtemburgers made such desparate efforts to capture the salient. Close by is Hill 60, the hill of a hundred fights, where we hold the edge of the hill and the Huns occupy the higher part beyond. Further on we come to the parapets of the flat lands, and then to St. Eloi, with the big craters of tragic and glorious memory. Beyond that we will find ourselves in the comparatively quieter regions around Dickebusch. "The dirtiest part of the line," the soldiers call this section from St. Eloi to Hooge. I want you, my friend, reading this in comfort at home, to realize something of what it is like. The first here is threefold, overhead, underground, and in the trenches. Air fights are of daily occurrence, and the Taubes are ever seeking a chance to penetrate our lines. Mining is carried out on a big scale by both sides. Not long ago the Boches blew up a mine over 400 feet long close to St. Eloi. We were ready for them; most of our men had been withdrawn from the danger point and were ready to rush in afterwards before Fritz could make a footing. Surrounded by Enemy. We are almost surrounded by the enemy. They occupy the heights nearly all around, although, fortunately, we hold some intermediate positions which prevent them from obtaining absolute fire command of the district. They can however, sweep point after point within our lines with rifle and machine gun fire. Their big guns get at us not only from the front but form the sides, and almost from the rear. Nowhere in the salient are you free from shell fire. At any moment the Huns may send a dozen or so of "heavy stuff" around where one is. The call to get under shelter from an approaching shell is so frequent that it becomes automatic to obey it. Everyone has narrow escapes. A "rum jar," - a monster shell with 200 pounts of [end column] [start column] explosive - fell at the entrance to Jones' dug-out yesterday and failed to explode. He had the cast iron case emptied and is using it today as a waste paper basket. Brown missed his way going to X wood this morning and so escaped being there when the Huns strafed it with 5.11's. A bit of shell penetrated Robinson's dug-out half an hour ago and just missed him. Every one who is in the front of the salient for a day meets with experiences such as these. One is playing a game of tag with death all the time. What is the effect of this chance shelling on the men themselves? After a very short time everyone becomes indifferent to it. I am not talking now of the heavy strafing on one point. That is another story. But the intermitten shell is regarded at the worst as a minor annoyance. From Vlamertinghe to Sanctuary Wood you see no one but soldiers save a rare and greatly privileged civilian visitor. All the old inhabitants have gone; all the houses that have not been levelled to the ground stand desolate. Here and there the ruins of a chateau, heavy protected by sandbags, are used as a field dressing station for the wounded. No Red Cross flag is flown over them. "We don't wat to draw Boche fire," say the doctors grimly. The Germans have not yet given up hopes of capturing Ypres. All they need is to take a comparatively small portion of territory, which would give them a clear command over our front. Let them take this and we would have to fall back on fresh lines, away to the other side of the city. They know this. For sixteen months they have tried in vain. Doubtless they will try again and again. Why have they not succeeded? They have every advantage of position. Wurtemburgers and Bavarians, Guards and Saxons, the very pick of the German army, have spent themselves on this front. But always at the last, however near they have been to success, the resolute determination of our boys has driven them back. [end clipping] 3 photographs
People Depicted:
Breen, J.; Bodie, Robert


Page Title:
Page 29
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 3 news clippings depicting: photographs of a mother, Mrs. McColl, and her 5 soldier-sons (3 killed at the Front); the report of a soldier, Alexander G. Fraser, killed in action; and an announcement of the promotion of Major Jim McQuaig.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Transcript:
[start clipping] Mrs. McColl 1 photograph Mother of the boys, to whom Ottawa extends reverential sympathy. Lieut. Lyman McColl 1 photograph Killed in action on Friday, Sept. 15, "somewhere in France." Lieut. Douglas C. McColl 1 photograph Killed in the battle of St. Julien, April 22, 1915. Alex E. McColl 1 photograph South African veteran, who would go but is incapacitated. PTE. Mac. B. McColl 1 photograph In training with the 175th Battalion at Calgary, Alberta. Lieut. Edmund McColl 1 photograph Died of wounds at Etaples, France, on the 15th of June, 1916. [end clipping] [start clipping] Bright Young Ottawa Man Falls In Battle. 1 photograph Lieut. Alexander Gordon Fraser, who has been reported killed in action, was the only son of Mr. and Mrs. W.H. A. Fraser, of Ottawa, and was one of the city's best known young men. He was associated with the Fraser, Bryson Lumber Company. The late Lieut. Fraser was an active member of the Royal Ottawa Golf Club. He was the champion of the club in 1913, and took part in the Canadian championship at Toronto two years ago. He was a member of the Rideau Club and Victoria Yacht Club. News of the death of Lt. Fraser caused profound regret. [end clipping] [start clipping] PRESENTATION TO MAJOR McQUAIG --- Major Jim McQuaig, formerly of the 270th Battalion, has been appointed second in command of a Forestry battalion in Montreal. The officers of the 207th presented him with a wrist watch, which was accompanied by a short address by Col. MacLean, to which Major McQuaig made an appropriate reply. Major Jim McQuaig made a presentation to Lieut. Stalker of a shield for having the best marching platoon in the battalion. H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught picked Lt. Stalker's platoon at a recent inspection. [end clipping] October 15 - 1916. [annotation in ink]
People Depicted:
Fraser, Alexander G.; McQuaig, J.; McColl, Lyman; McColl, Douglas; McColl, Edmund; McColl, Mac.; McColl, A.


Page Title:
Page 29_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains: a news article announcing the opening game of the Overseas Football League at Landsdowne Park; 2 photographs captioned, Sgt Roland Gilley - Lc/cpl Bob Bodie; and a leave pass filled in for Spr. C.N. Senior, captioned, Every Soldier's Ambition. All items from 1916. Florence Westman marries C. Norman Senior in 1917.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] Football Starts Tomorrow. Sam Manson With the 207th --- First Clash of Season Takes Place at Lansdowne Park. --- Should the weather conditions be good, a smashing crowd of football fans will turn out to witness the opening game of the Overseas Football League on Lansdowne Park tomorrow. The addition of Captain Sammy Manson, Canada's premier centre half, should not only prove a strong drawing card, but will boost the 207th stock greatly. Manson is taking a course at the School of Musketry, Rockcliffe, and will therefore be eligible to play with the local battalion. Coach Shaughnessy had a full turnout at yesterday's practice, all the regulars being in uniform, as well as a good squad of subs. The first team was given considerable work on their trick plays. Later, the back division was sent behind the scrub line. The half line is working well together and should cut a big figure in Saturday's battle. Yesterday's workout was one of the best held so far. "Shag" is going ot have aline that has lots of "pep" and aggressiveness, and should they be successful against Queens, will make the famous Tiger Battalion go some to get the verdict. Very little is known about the University team, except that they will have Jack Hazlett on their half line, but the local squad had better be prepared for a stiff struggle, as the Presbyterians have always had a strong team, and will make a big effort to down the 207th in their own bailiwick. Although Coach Shaughnessy has not announced his line up for tomorrow's game it will likely be as follows: Smith, flying wing; Kirby, Manson, and Breen, halves; Wiser, quarter; scrimmage, Allen, Westmin, McInnes or Harvey; insides, McElligott and Pritchard; middles, Davies, Stalker or Kennedy; outsides, Taylor, Robbins, or Adams. Lieut.-General Sir Sam Hughes [end column] [start column] has been invited to kick the ball off, and will likely accept. The officials will be: referee, "Silver" Quilty; umpire, Jack Lewis; penalty timekeeper, Harry Ackland; linesmen, Eddie Roberts and Lieut. McKenzie of 205th, Hamilton. Seats for tomorrow's game are on sale at Hurd and Co.'s sporting goods store, and will be kept there until noon tomorrow. Joe Smith, who will work at flying wing, has recovered from the injury to his back,a nd will be in good shape for tomorrow's game. "Dug" Stalker is a greatly improved football player and should be very much in the limelight. Both the brass and bugle bands will be on hand to help things along. Keep your lamps on this boy Breen, tomorrow, he should prove a star. There will be three men on the yard sticks, one on each stick, and an arbitrator, to do away with all arguments. Davies, Stalker, Adams, McElligott and others, make it look like an Interprovincial game. Play will start at 2.45 sharp as darkness falls early. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Bodie, Robert; Gilley, R.


Page Title:
Page 29_verso a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page reveals photograph of Sgt. Roland Gilley with unnamed female.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Bodie, Robert, Gilley, R.


Page Title:
Page 30
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 3 news clippings that report: the death of Captain J. R. Woods, the collection of socks for soldiers' overseas by Mrs. Thomas Westman, and the first practice scheduled for the Signallers' basketball team. Page also contains 3 photographs. Captions include: Shep's First Fatigue, Lc/Cpl. R. Bodie, and Bud Land and some Ottawa Skyscrapers.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
[1916]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] CAPTAIN J.R.WOODS HAS DIED OF WOUNDS Young Ottawa Officer With Coldstream Guards Gave his Life for Empire. --- Captain John R. Woods, of the Coldstream Guards, eldest son of Lt.- Col. and Mrs. J.W. Woods, is reported as having died from wounds Saturday, Sept. 16th. Information to this effect was received in the city yesterday through a cablegram sent --- 1 photograph CAPTAIN J.R.WOODS --- to Lieut.-Col. Woods, who, with his wife, had left for Chicago on Saturday. Two years ago, when war first broke out, Lieut. J.R. Woods, 19 years of age, then of the Governor General's Foot Guards of the Capital, offered his services to the Empire and was accepted. He travelled overseas and received a commission as junior lieutenant in the famous Coldstream Guards regiment, which has been in the thick of the fighting for the last two years. Through distinguished conduct and bravery on the field of battle, Lieut. Woods was mentioned in despatches and promoted to the rank of captain. He was a born leader and was highly respected by his men. Information as to Captain "Jack" Woods' death spread rapidly through the Capital, where he had a wide cirlce of friends. At the time of enlistment he was connected with the firm of Smart-Woods Ltd. Hull. Deceased was the eldest son of Lieut.-Col. Woods and took out his commission in the regiment in which his father qualified in field service for the rank of lieutenant colonel, which rank Col. Woods holds as officer commanding the Governor General's Foot Guards. The G.G.F.G. is a replica of the crack Coldstream Guards and therefore the first regiment in Canada. Capt. Woods is survived by his parents, two sisters and two younger brothers. [end clipping] [start clipping] Socks Are Appreciated. The Soldiers' Service club, of which Mrs. Thomas Westman is president, held a sock shower during October, and sent socks to various battalions in France. Many of the ladies who donated to the shower placed notes in the socks and already have received very grateful acknowledgment from the soldiers who happened to receive the socks. The following is one of the many letters received by the president from the ment to whom bales were shipped for distrubution. "Somewhere in France, "November 15, 1916 "Dear Mrs. Westman: Today I received three bales of socks which you shipped October 18th. They have already been given to the men, and your kindness I assure you, is very much appreciated. Our men have to work in all kinds of weather and at the present season of the year it is impossible for the men to keep their feet dry. A frequent change of socks is necessary to keep in good health, and the present conditions are very trying on the most robust. Please accept the sincere thanks of all. "I am sincerely your, "FRED BIRD." The Soldiers' Service club purposes to hold another sock shower the first Thrusday of the New Year at the home of Mrs. W. J. Carson, Bronson Avenue. [end of clipping] [beginning of clipping] SIGNALLERS' BASKET FIVE FIRST PRACTICE TONIGHT The Signallers of the City Basketball League will hold their first practice on the "Y" floor tonight. Sergt. Gilley, formerly of University of Toronto "Five" is managin the Signal Corps team and expects to have a strong team. The practice tonight will be held between 6 and 7. [end of clipping]
People Depicted:
Woods, J. R.; Bodie, Robert; Lang, Stuart G.


Page Title:
Page 30_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 3 programs for Christmas and New Year's dinners and concerts held for soldiers training in Ottawa, (1914, 1915, 1916). Mrs. Thomas Westman, Florence's mother is named as "convenor". The program for 1914 is loose between pages--scans follow.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1914-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 30_verso a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page--inside of 1916 New Years Day program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1914-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 30_verso b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
3rd image of page--inside of 1915 Christmas program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1914-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 30_verso c
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
4th image of page--1915 Christmas program continued.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1914-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 30_verso d
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
5th image of page--1914 Christmas program cover
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1914-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 30_verso_e
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
6th image of page--1915 Christmas program verso, menu.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1914-1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 31
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 3 clippings. Subjects include a report on the death of Ottawa native Lieutenant Paul Armstrong and a story about the Signal Corps hockey team. Photographs of soldiers includes the caption, "Sapper L. Robertson - Corp. Geo. Westman - Brigade Scheme."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] KILLED IN ACTION. 1 photograph LIEUT. PAUL LYNDON ARMSTRONG, 73rd Battalion Royal Highlanders of Canada, and son of Mrs. J.R. Armstrong, 308 Gilmour street, who has been reported killed in action in France. [end clipping] [start clipping] SEVERAL OTTAWANS IN CASUALTIES LISTS Two are Reported Dead and Several Wounded - Lieut. Armstrong Killed. --- The midnight casualty list contains the names of many Ottawa boys who have fallen in action in France. First mentioned in the list is the name of Lieut. Paul Lyndon Armstrong, 73rd Battlion Royal Highlanders of Canada, and son of the late John R. and Mrs. Armstrong, 308 Gilmour street. Lieut. Armstrong was 26 years of age and enlisted for active service in the 73rd Highland Battalion a year ago, and has been with the unit as part of the Fourth Canadian Division in France since August 1st of this year. Word was receive late yesterday that in an engagement on Sunday, Oct. 29th, Lieut. Armstrong had been killed in action. No young man is better known in the capital than the deceased. Born in Ottawa 26 years ago he had gained a multitude of friends. He was a pupil of the Ottawa Collegiate Institute and later the Toronto University, from which he graduated in 1912. Ever distinguished in his studies he attended Osgoode Hall, from which he issued fourth a full fledged barrister in 1915. Lieut. Armstrong was called to the bar shortly afterwards, but threw up his opportunity that he might serve his country with the Highland Battalion. Brilliant in his studies, Lieut. Armstrong was also devoted to outdoor sports and was captain of the Varsity hockey team. In tennis he was particularly prominent and won the championship of the Rideau Lawn Tennis Club in 1914, as well as that of the Toronto University and City of Ottawa. Deceased is widely known throughout Eastern Canada and has many friends and acquaintances in Ottawa, Toronto and Montreal. With his men in the 73rd Battalion he was a very popular officer and he was ever looking after their comfort and welfare.
People Depicted:
Westman, George; Breen, Joe; Robertson, L.; Armstrong, Paul L.


Page Title:
Page 31_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains: a program made by the Canadian Engineers for their performance of "A Day's Fun in Belgium," October 1, 1916 and the envelope it was sent in; and two photographs captioned, Sappers N. Senior - R. Shepard, Sgt. S. Adamson 'at Ease'. Photographs likely taken in Ottawa.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-10
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Senior, Norman; Adamson, S.; Shepard, R.; Edwards, J. P.; Johnston, H. L.; Amoss, F. X.; Bradley, N. H.


Page Title:
Page 31_verso a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page - inside of Canadian Engineers program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-10
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 32
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
1st image of page showing loose items. These have been scanned separately and are described at the end of the scrapbook page images.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 32 a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains a news clipping - photograph captioned, Arrival of Duke and Duchess of Devonshire. November 13, 1916. The Duke of Devonshire served as Governor General of Canada from November 11, 1916 to August 2, 1921.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Devonshire, Victor Christian William Cavendish, Duke of, 1868-1938; Devonshire, Evelyn Cavendish, Duchess of


Page Title:
Page 32_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 2 news clippings-one is a photograph depicting the November Overseas Draft Signal Training Depot, and the other, a portrait of Lieut. B. C. Hilliam accompanied by an announcement for a regimental fund raising concert at the Russell theatre, Ottawa, November 1916. Page also includes a photograph depicting a winter scene-soldiers and young women with sledges.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] NOVEMBER OVERSEAS DRAFT SIGNAL TRAINING DEPOT. 1 photograph Front row from left to right - Lieuts. L.E.L. Koelle, J.G. Caldwell, C.H. McCrae, A.C. Burgess, F.M. Lott. Second row - Lance-Corporals K.E. Camron, S.G. Lang, L.J. Moore, Albert Beard, W.D. Lamb, Lance-Sergeant R.G. Allan, Lance corporals J.W. Sutherland, Harold Worthington. Third row - Sappers B.F. Haley, K Ross, J.A. Donald, C.L.L. Weston, A.A. Taylor, R.B. Wilkins, W.J. Linford, W.G. Wilson, P.J. Devine, J.H. Broughton. Fourth row - Sappers K. Fraser, P.G. Fraser, J. Beattie, J.A. Surerus, F.T. Julian, Roy Geiger, E.H. Pratt, W.L. Mitchell, L.R. Hall, W.E. Troke, J.E. Ronald, T.W. McLean. Fifth row - Sappers T.R. Milne, G.F. Rowe, W.H.T. Arkley, F.L. Bartlett, W.E. Staples, W. Cluff, W.H. Brown, D.E. Mackenzie, Harry Parry, Allen C. Weatherall, W.C.A. Baby, H.C. Wilson. Sixth row - Sappers L. Holmes, C.A. Freeman, A. Carwithan, M.A. Clay, S.W. Courtney, E.H. Kenty, G. Murie, W.J. Freeman, P.A.W. Wallace, J.Gibb, A.J. Mackasey, G.R. Metzler, O. Stewart, H.R. Cummings, K.W. Buist. Seventh row - Sappers J.I. Gillman, C.L. Arnold, W.G. Myrick, W.J. Walker, S. Forbes, J.W. Rowland, D.V. Montgomery, J. Murie, A.G. Jarvis, R.L. Wilson, R.B. Glave, R.J. Maveety, P.E. Johnson, T.M. Beck, S. McMechau, J.S.G. Forsyth, G.H. Langley. [end clipping] November 11 - 1916. [annotation in ink] [start clipping] DIRECTS SIGNALLERS' CONCERT. 1 photograph Lieut. B. C. Hilliam, whose duties as official amusement director of the Canadian army have taken him across Canada on a concert tour, is now engaged for the second time in staging a huge show at the Russell theatre, for Wednesday evening next, November 22. Mr. Hilliam's unusual talents as entertainer and director are a guarantee to the amusement lovers of Ottawa that the performance in aid of the Signal Training Depot's regimental funds will be worth attending. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.


Page Title:
Page 33
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains a program for a variety show, directed by B. C. Hilliam, staged by the Signal Training Depot, held at the Russell Theatre, November 22, 1916, Ottawa. The show was intended to raise money for the Regimental Fund and General Camp Amusements. Page also includes a clipping that is uncovered in image 33 g.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.


Page Title:
Page 33 a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.


Page Title:
Page 33 b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
3rd image of program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 33 c
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
4th image of program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.;World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Fergusun, Georgia; Casement, C. W.; Adamson


Page Title:
Page 33 d
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
5th image of program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 33 e
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
6th image of program
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 33 f
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
7th image of program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection


Page Title:
Page 33 g
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
8th image of page showing final 2 pages of program and news clipping that offers a review of the Signallers concert, November 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916-11
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Transcript:
[start clipping] SIGNALLERS IN GREAT CONCERT --- "At Home and Abroad" Is Big Success. --- Attracts Large Crow to Russell Theatre. --- Lieut. B.C. Hilliam played spark plug in one of the snappiest amateur shows ever seen in the capital, when the officers and men of the Signal Training Depot tuned up and put their big noise "At Home and Abroad" in motion. They pusehd her into "third" and there she stayed - until twelve o'clock. When Hilliam bared his most deceptive stretch of forehead to the foot lights, the audience took him for a theological student, but he slipped them over so fast that it soon became a cry for help. He put over the time frayed marching songs "Keep the Home Fires Burning," and "It's a LOng Way to Tipperary," by classical and syncopated patterns a la Chopin, and Irving Berlin, furbished them up with scintillating paraphrases and they were better even than new. His Golf romance written on the piano was the work of a wizard and the devotees enjoyed it immensly. Some of the Songs. Among the songs which he wrote were "Somewhere in Flanders" sung by Miss Georgia Ferguson, "The Bairnsfather Bloke from Blighty," by Sapper C.W. Casement; "The British Tank," by Sergt. Adamson and "The Halllies Howe an Hawful Lot to Hus," was was sung by Lieut. Hilliam himself, and is perhaps the cleverest of them all. We have long known how Sister Susie helps the alllies but it remained to Lieut. Hilliam to tell us what the rest of the family were busy at. The minstrels with J.H. Grace as interlocutor made a big hit. The end men, J.A. Grace, W. Diamond, F. Rowan and H. Rockington, put over some good stuff, and the chorus made up of S. Anderson, Dan Thompson, J. Melrose, W. Rocket, James Foley, E. Brockington, B. Anderson and J. McLennan sang spendidly. [end column] [start column] Minstrels Good. The minstrels finished the "At Home" section of the show which also featured Teddy Hyman (illegible) sleight of hand tricks. Edna Thomas, George O'Alroy and Hobson put on a little sketch, "The End of the Trail," written by Miss Thomas, which offered the only bit of pathos in the whole performance. It was very well done, and staged admirably. "The Anvil Five," W.J. Nixon A.R. Thompson, H.L. Routh and S.R. Adamson, sang a string of old gems very well, but folks didn't quite get the idea of the pianist, E. Brown, who seemed to have been short circuited. He sat very promi(?) at the instrument, but nothing happened. The C.M.C. Mandolin and Guitar Club raised the curtain, and under the direction of Miss Corinne Thibodeau, won a gib hand from the house with their music. The Training Depot gym. team did some gym. work under the coaching of Lieut. A. Buridge (?), and another squad of picked men put on a musical flag-wagging drill under the direction of Sergt.-Major Steele. The Tommies "Abroad" were seen in a rest camp, staging a bunch of stunts for their own amusement on a platform built "by a petite party of one" as his portion of the entertainment. The following artists dropped in to offer their bit of entertainment: Sapper A. Bentley as a fatigue party of one, Lce.-Cpl. C.H. Westman and Sapper F.H. Beard as sleeping partners, Sapper W.S. Wilson as a fish and potato expert Assembly of Signallers. Sapper Mcveety. Lieut. A. Baxter and chorus in "Laddie in Khaki". Sapper Anderson and Bonnie Mary, Miss Corinne Thibodeau, Sapper C. (illegible) Casement and Miss (Sapper). W. G. Wilson, Sergeant Couville (?), Sapper C.W. casement, Sapper R.G. Jones, Lieut. B.C. Hilliam, Rev. Edward Bull, Miss Grace Hiney, Sergt. S.R. Adamson, Lce.-Corpl. O'Neill, Miss Georgie Ferguson, Sapper Bentley, philosopher T.P. Murphy. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.; Casement, C. W.; Adamson


Page Title:
Page 33_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 4 newspaper clippings reporting dead and wounded soldiers at the Front, originally from Ottawa and a mock battle staged by the Signallers at Landsdowne Park, Ottawa. Also included is a Canadian Army dental appointment card filled out for Sapper [Curril?], October 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] OTTAWA OFFICERS IN CASUALTY LISTS. MAJOR ARCHIE SEARS, MacKenzie apartments, Ottawa. Killed in action. LIEUT. R. E. GREENE, 58 Primrose avenue, missing. CAPT. "DICK" McGEE, 185 Daly avenue, wounded. LIEUT. GORDON AMRSTRONG, 45 McLeod street, Ottawa, wounded. CAPT. E.G. FOSBERY, 182 Minto Place, Ottawa, wounded. CAPT. THOMAS H. BYRNE, 288 Lisgar street, Ottawa, wounded. LIEUT. J. LEIGH BISHOP, 223 McLeod street, Ottawa, wounded. LIEUT. JACK WILLIAMS, of football fame, whose home is at Kingston, wounded. CAPT. AUSTIN REIFENSTEIN, 396 Daly avenue, Ottawa, wounded. MAJOR F.E. HALL, of Montreal, killed in action. LT. ALLAN OLIVER, son of Hon. Frank Oliver, Somerset St., Ottawa, killed. [end clipping] [start clipping] Two Ottawa Officers Among the Wounded. 2 photographs Capt. Austin Lieut. Gordon Reiffenstein Armstrong. [end clipping] [start clipping] LIEUT. MACFARLANE REPORTED WOUNDED Went Over With Ottawa Battalion- Was Prominent in Sporting Circles. Lieut. Gavin S. Macfarlane, son of the late G.S. Macfarlane and Mrs. Macfarlane, of 391 Albert street, has been officially reported by the militia department as wounded in action. Lieut. Macfarlane is an Ottawa boy and was attending Queen's University at the time of enlistment in April, 1915. While at University he received his commission and was appointed to a local battalion with which he has been connected ever since. He is well known --- 1 photograph LIEUT. G. S. MACFARLANE. --- in sporting circles, having figured prominently on the Queen's football team and in other sports. He is an only son and his mother and sisters at home are anxiously waiting particulars as to the nature of his injuries as the mere mention of his having been wounded has so far been sent to them. [end clipping] [start clipping] OTTAWA IS SAVED BY THE SIGNALLERS Enemy is, However, an Imaginary One, But Tactical Scheme is Succesful. --- Lansdowne Park, Nov. 28. - Now that the Capital's peril is past, your correspondent is permitted to forward for publication details of the manner in which the Divisional Signal Company saved Ottawa from the enemy. The attack was made one day last week from the west, a large enemy force having been discerned advancing the previous day. Captain Lewis took command of the available members of the Divisional Signal Company (consisting of a full division) and stationing one brigade at Westboro', another at City View and a third at Rideau Junction, awaited developments. Headquarters were located at the Bank street bridge. Early in the day the three brigades established communication lines with each other, and with headquarters so that the reserve forces could be used to the best advantage as the enemy's attack developed. The enemy commander showed great brilliancy in mobilizing his forces, but the well maintained communications of the defending army enabled them to make splendid use of their interior lines for mustering sufficient men at the threatened points. Started Early. The Signal Depot began work at a very early hour, but scarcely were their lines laid when the preliminary shelling began at Rideau Junction. This proved to be a false alarm, however, as the main attack was made on the centre near the City View brigade. Reinforcements were mustered shortly after noon hour and the attack was repulsed with heavy enemy losses about 4 o'clock. A feature of the day was the great cheerfulness of the despatch riders, who dashed madly about on motorcycles, utterly regardless of the rain (of shells, of course). The enemy which seeks to lay the Dominion's Capital in the dusthas a happy faculty of making his attacks nearly always on a Wednesday, but he is a courteous foe, and knowing that the Signallers were busy with their entertainment last Wednesday postponed his most recent attempt until Thursday. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Reiffenstein, Henry Austin; Armstrong, Gordon; Macfarlane, Gavin S.


Page Title:
Page 34
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Loose item is a portrait of a soldier, possibly C. Norman Senior, from a London, England studio.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
[1916-1917]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
People Depicted:
Senior, Norman


Page Title:
Page 34 a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 2 news clippings and a photograph of a young woman. The clippings report: a story about a 13 year old boy named Leo Davis who attempted to enlist in the Army, about the establishment of the European War Veterans Association and fund raising efforts for returned soldiers in Ottawa.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.;World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
[1916-1917]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--South Indian; Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] EAGER TO SERVE COUNTRY SMALL BOY OF THIRTEEN YEARS OFFERS TO ENLIST [1 photograph] LEO DAVIS, the boy who gave up his job and, kit bag in hand came (?) miles to join the army. The doctor says he is not over 13, while the soldier beside him, a Vancouver boy with the Signallers, (barely out of the Bantam class), indicates his height. --- Little Chapt May Make One of the Bantam Battalions, or May Taken Along as a Mascot - Is Already a Favorite. Many strange problems confront the recruiting officer, but what to do with thirteen year old Leo Davis was the post perplexing that Lieut. H.J. Kirby of the Signal Training Depot has ever had to face. Leo says he is seventeen, but he is just four feet, seven, in height and has more the appearance of a chubby boy of twelve than of a prospective soldier. "Am I big enough to join the Buglers?" was the startling request that this boy made of Lieut. Kirby at the Base Recruiting Office, at about 11 o'clock this morning. The officers and sergeants of the other corps gathered around in amusement and admiration as they saw the size of the application. Lieut. Kirby asked him a series of questions and Leo, who was greatly doubted when he said he was seventeen, gradually convinced the assembly that he meant busines. From South Indian. "Are you an Ottawa boy?" he was asked. "No, I came in from South Indian this morning to join up. I've been working on a farm out there for a Frenchman named Denis." "Can you blow a bugle?" "No, but I can learn, the same as the rest of them. I learned to play the mouth organ in less than a week, so I guess I can do the other just as well." "What are you going to do if you don't get in the army?" he was asked. "I'll get another job. I've got lots of money in the bank." Subsequent investigation by the soldiers who took an interest in the boy revealed that he had two cents in his pocket, but he was convinced that he had enough to get room and board for the night. It was suggested that he should go to St. Patrick's home or some such place, but the boy protested vigorously and tried to take his kit-bag and leave. Finally the Salvation Army was suggested and he wanted to know if they signed up boys, too. A visit to the Slater street barracks disclosed that this army could do nothing for Leo, so one of the soldiers introduced him to Mr. John Keane, the city charity officer and Leo now has a good friend who will see that he gets a comfortable place to live and a good job. Never has the Base Recruiting Office seen a youth so intensly eager to enlist. It took two or three hours to convince him that his story of being 17 years old was disbelieved and that he could not join the army. Then he almost wept, but was too much of a man to show his tears. [end clipping] [start clipping] THE EUROPEAN WAR VETERANS ORGANIZE --- Returned Soldiers Alter Name of Association and Plan Activities. --- The Returned Soldiers' Association of Ottawa will in future be known as the "Europan War Veterans' Association." This was unanimously decided at the meeting of the association held last evening at the Soldiers' Club on Wellington street, at which about fifty returned soldiers under the presidency of Mr. Henshaw were present. The change in name caused considerable discussion and is due to the fact that the majority of similar associations throughout the Dominion are using the title of War Veterans' Association. It was decided that only those who have seen service overseas in the present war and can produce honorable discharges, are entitled to membership. Those who enlist but returned to Canada on cessaton of their working pay, those who were returned as undesirables, or were discharged in this country, are barred from membership. The question as to whether commissioned officers should be allowed to become members was brought up and after a brief discussion in which it was pointed out the great work which some of the officers at present on the executive have accomplished, it was unanimously decided that their membership should be unquestioned. Charter Free of Charge. A report by Major Relph to the effect that Mr. A.E. Fripp had offered to secure a Provincial charter for the association free of charge caused much satisfaction, especially as Major Relph pointed out, that without a charter, they would not be empowered to collect monies for the association. Captain Macpherson reported that he had been hunting for donations during the last few days and that he had succeeded in securin nearly $400 with bright prospects of larger sums to follow in the near future. The invitation of Miss Dowd of the Military Hospitals Commission for the men to attend a Christmas dinner to be given at the Convalescent Home on Christmas day was accepted and left for the executive to furnish further arrangements. [end column) (mising line) (start column) cess of untertaking. On Sunday next the members of the association will hold a church parade, the details of which will be arranged at the next meeting which will take place on Friday evening at the Soldiers' club, and at which every returned soldier in the city is asked to be present. --- [end clipping] [start clipping] Another invitation to a High tea on Saturday night at 6 o'clock at the First Avenue school, issued by the Kindergarten teachers was also accepted and a large number of the men signified their intention of being present. To Meet Returned Men. At the request of the Returned Soldiers' Civic reception committee Captain Macpherson and Mr. Zivian were appointed to attend the meeting which will be held at the city hall this evening at 7.30 to consider further details regarding the receptions to be given to returning soldiers.In this connection the executve of the assocation will in future wear badges by which they can easily be identified. A report of the concert held at the Dominion theater on Sunday last week submitted and showed that the evening had been a complete success. Major Coghill and Lieuts. Brown and Hilliam, and the members of the entertainment committee received a (illegible) of thanks for their share in the (illegible) [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Davis, Leo; Senior, Norman


Page Title:
Page 34_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 3 news clippings. Subjects include: the organization of a concert for returned soldiers by the Sportsmen's Patriotic Club; the grand opening of a Soldiers' Aid Building; and anniversary services and commemorative plaques honoring the soldiers killed in action. ca. 1917
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Soldiers' homes--Canada
Date:
[1916-1917]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] RETURNED MEN TO MARCH TO CONCERT In the interests of the returned soldiers, Lieut. B.C. Hilliam has taken charge of the Sportsmen's Patriotic Club's concert at the Dominion Theatre next Sunday night, and will present a programme of a type with which the Ottawa public have not hitherto associated him. Comedy has been the keynote of entertainments which he has given in this city previously, but Mr. Hilliam's genius is exhibited to even better advantage in the realm of serious composition. One entire section of Sunday night's programme will be devoted to Mr. Hilliam's own compositions. The chief number will be a song cycle for four voices, entitled "Autumn's Orchestra." The famous Indian poetess, Pauline Johnson, is the author of the beautiful verses to which Lieut. Hilliam has given a worthy musical setting. Miss Georgia Ferguson, soprano; Miss Inchcliffe, contralto; Corporal White, tenor, and Sergeant Adamson, bass, will be the vocalists to render this remarkable work. Mr. Hilliam has been granted by Pauline Johnson's executors the exclusive privilige of setting her works to music, and Sergt. Adamson will sing another of her songs, composed by the same officer, "Here's a Ho! Vancouver!" Miss Grace Hiney will play three pieces written by Lieut. Hilliam especially for the violin, and the composer will himself play his "Patrol Erratic" and "Revue of 1914-16 for the Piano." Returned soldiers will meet at Metcalfe and Albert streets at seven o'clock Sunday evening, and will march to the Dominion Theatre headed by the band. [end clipping] [start clipping] DUKE OFFICIATED AT FORMAL OPENING Soldiers' Aid Building Ready - Campaign Started to Raise Fund of $400. --- Attended by the Duke and Duchess of Devonshir, and formally opened by Canada's Governor-General, the Soldiers' Aid building on Cliff street came into existence, and the campaign to raise $4,000 for the ensuing year's work of the Ottawa Soldier' Aid Commission was commenced yesterday afternoon at four o'clock. The opening of the building was an at home for the returned soldiers, and it proved a huge success, many of Ottawa's most prominent citizens and society leaders being present. Promptly at four o'clock. Their Excellencies the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire arrived at the home and were met by Mr. E.H. Scammell, military hospitals commissioner; Mr. E.R. Cameron, president of the organization; Mr. J.L. Payne, Mr. W.L. Best and Mr. A.G. Cameron, all of them officials of the Soldiers' Aid Commissiion. The distinguisehd visitors were escorted to the drawing room through the lines of a guard of honor formed by the returned soldiers, while the band of the 207th regiment rendered the National Anthem. Mr. E.R. Cameron read and address, explaining the work and object of the Soldiers' Aid Commission. He stated that 460 soldiers had been taken care of and that it had cost $3,000 for the last year. A Noble Work. "This is a noble work," said the Duke in reply to the address, "and it gives the Duchess and myself great pleasure in attending so worthy an object. It is important that the men should be cared for who have rendered their services overseas in the cause of the empire. The number of returned soldiers is increasing daily, so that the care of them is becoming a big problem and I am indeed glad to see the hearty co-operation which is being given by various patriotic and local organizations. The Federal and provincial governments are taking steps to handle this important question, and when the task becomes heavy, this organization will undoubtedly arise to the occasion and receive the credit due." [end column] [start column] To Secure Lasting Peace. "That the present war is fought to the only conclusion possible is our duty," continued His Excellency, as he referred to the war. "The terms that we will demand are what we want, and it is needless to say that the present peace proposal of our enemies will not suffice. It is the aim of Britain to secure lasting peace." The Duke then declared the home open, and three cheers were given by the men for the King, Their Excellencies the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire and the Soldiers' Aid Commission. Refreshments were then partaken of, Mr. Cameron introducing Captain Kenneth C. MacPherson, president of the Ottawa branch of the Returned Soldiers' Association, who in turn introduced the returned soldiers present, Their Excellencies shaking hands with the men and displaying keen interest in their experiences at the front. One of the last acts of the Duke before coming to this country was to place a wreath on the grave of Private W.M. Kedey, who died in the Royal Infirmary at Derby. HIs Grace is Grand Master of the Canadian Order of A.F. and A.M., while the late Private Kedey was a member. The Duke met Mr. Herman Kedey of Fitzroy Harbor, father of Private Kedey, and it was a pleasant coincidence to both. Were Nicely Decorated. During the afternoon, the excellent band of the 207th rendered music throughout. The dormitories and rooms upstairs were prettily decorated with flags of the allies, plants, ferns and palms. Under the direction of Mrs. Adam Shortt,the committee in charge of the event consisted of Mrs. W.E. Hodgins, Mrs. N.D. Porter, Mrs. E.R. Cameron, Mrs. Crombie, Mrs. O'Dell, Mrs. H.I. Thomas, Mrs. Colson and Miss Burt, all of whom helped to pour tea and serve the refreshments. Mrs. H.S. Campbell and Mrs. Arnoldi were conveners of the refreshment committee, and others who assisted were Mrs. McLeod Stewart, Mrs. R. Clarke, Mrs. Fawcett, Mrs. Westman, Mrs. A.J. Freiman, the Misses Shortt, Trapp Grant, Campbell, Craig and Gwen Carter of Calgary. Miss Mildred Lamb realized $72.35 from the sale of buttons with the inscription, Soldiers' Aid Commission, printed thereon. She had the pleasure of selling two fo the buttons to their Excellencies. Others present were Mrs. Martin Burrell, Mrs. Taschereau, Mrs. J.B. Hunter, Mrs. Lyons Biggar, Mrs. Secretan Dunbar, Mrs. Bradley, Mrs. Mountain, Mrs. J.A. Wilson and many others. --- [end clipping] [start clipping] GERMANS HONOR BRAVE CANADIANS SAYS GEN. HUGHES AT ANNIVERSARY --- Memorial Tablets Unveiled at McLeod Street Church - Allies Won't Stand for Meddling, Says Dr. Michael Clark. --- MANY CHURCHES HOLD ANNIVERSARY SERVICES --- Of the 18 young men members of McLeod Street Methodics Church, who have donned the khaki, 10 of them have made the supreme sacrifice, and to honor their memory, a memorial service was held in that church last night. The church was filled to overflowing. Yesterday was also the 28th anniversary of the opening of the Sunday School. In honor of the occasion Rev. T.A. Halpenny preached in the morning and in the evening, Mr. Michael Clark, M.P., for Red Deer (?) delivered an appropriate and powerful address. The occasion was marked by the unveiling of two tablets by Lt. General Sir Sam Hughes, erected to the memory of Francis Bradley Cunningham (?) and George Townsend (?)aynor, two o fhte ten young men from the congregation, who have given their lives at the front. Their Names will Live. Sir Sam Hughes said in part: "No one ever dreamed that our boys would have faced what they did. They have covered themselves with glory that will never fade. There are two tablets on the wall to be unveiled to Francis Bradley, Cunningham (?) and George Townsend (?)aynor, two splendid young men, and I am glad to have their good records before me. They have died young but had they lived to a good old age they could not have done more for humanity. In 1,000 years, (illegible) 10,000 years their names will still live." [end clipping] [start clipping] Sir Sam reviewed the battle in which they fell. Then drew aside the Union Jack which draped the two tablets. One was inscribed: "In loving memory of Francis Bradley Cunningham, 19 years, who fell in action in Ypres, July 3rd, 1916. 'He died that we might live.'" "This tablet was erected by his aunt and uncle, Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Farrow." The other memarial (sic) was inscribed: In loving memory of George Townsend Raynor, 4th Canadian Mountain Rifles. Killed in action near Ypres, Belgium, June 22nd. 'Greater love hath no man than this, that he lay down his life for a friend.'" He was 22 years of age. Sir Sam said that the splendid spirit of the Canadians had made the Germans touch their hats to them, and Canada would pursue her course until victory was won. Beat Sense Into Them. "You can't have peace with some people," said Dr. Michael Clark in opening. "There is only one way to deal with the Kaisers. Get them into a corner and beat some sense into them. 'An Englishman's word is as good as his bond.' A Canadian, an Australian, a New Zealander, a South African, and every citizen of the British Empire considers his word as good as his bond. You will see them live up to it. "We are fighting for the right, and must prevail. To any Pope or President who interferes until we have attained that, we say 'Hands off.' Dr. Clark congratulated the pastor and congregation on the splendid honor roll, and asked those who had been severed from their loved ones by death not to grieve unduly, for they had died for freedom, and had gone to the life immortal. In introducing Dr. Clark, Mr. R. S. Glass, superintendent of the Sunday school, who conducted the services, stated that Dr. clark had three sons at the front. One of them was a married man with a family. Appropriate hymns were sung by the choir. The Apollo male quartette rendered several splendid selections, and Mr. C. E. Goodall sang "The Trumpeter." The ten members who had been killed in action are George Crosbie, Francis Cunningham, Rae Gaitens, Wm. Lewis, Mac. Parlow, Cecil Pea(?), George Raynor, Ivan Sawyer, Earl (or Carl?) Scott and Wm. Sharp. AT ST. PAUL'S METHODIST [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Johnson, E. Pauline, 1861-1913; Hilliam B. C.; Raynor, George; Cunningham, Francis


Page Title:
Page 35
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains: an ink cartoon, titled, "Busy morning at the base recruiting office", drawn by B. C. Hilliam; and a news clipping, "85 Signallers to go Overseas."
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--Caricatures and cartoons; Hilliam, B. C.
Date:
[1916]
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] 85 SIGNALLERS TO GO OVERSEAS Date of Going Not Announced Yet and Will Not be Made Public. --- Two officers, six N.C.O.'s and seventy- nine men have been warned for overseas at the Signal Training Depot. It is not likely that all these men will actually go on the next draft, but a few more men than are necessary are always warned so that there will be a few waiting men to take the places of any who may be compelled for one reason or another to drop out. The date of departure is not yet announced and will not be made public. The men on the draught are on last leave now. Lieuts. J.E. Hanning and J.M. Watson-Matthews, Corporal J.M. Breen, Lance-Corpls. R.H. Brown, G.V. Cameron, A.R. Davey, H.K. Davey, W.H. Pierpont (?), Sappers W. J. Allen, F.H. Beard, F.E. Breen, G.N. Brown, A.C. Brooks, W.A. Brunsden, H.M. Brown, H.M. Blue, E.P. Blue, H.L. Brownlee, J B. Butterworth, R. Blaney, P. Crouch, S.I. Cluff, S.J. Connor, H. F. Collins, T. Crowe, W. Carlisle, W. Craig, R.H. Dorey, R.R. Dorey, W.M.Diehl, S.K. Dewar, F.B. Eagleson, C.A. Freeman, J.P. Fotheringham, J. Gibb, G.W. Golding, R. Geoffrey, A. Gillingham, G. I. Goodwin, W. Graham, H.H. Gides, R.S. Harris, J.A. Humphires, L. R. Hall, C.P. Hunter, R.G. Jones, G.H. Johnson, P.E. Johnson, F. M. Jacobs, L.S. Kerr, H.I. Keans, J.H. Kolb, W. Leggett, T. LLanaghan, D.V. Montgomery, R.J., Mavety, J.J. McKeddie, W. McNeill, G.G. McCollum, R.S. McCollum, R. McWhinnie, W.S. McDonald, N.S. McDonald, J. McCullough, R.H. McBeth, L.L. Northcott, A.B. Nigg, L.C. Pope, H.C. Pray, W.R. Robertson, H.C. Smith, W.E. Staples, G.H. Stock, L.P. Sullivan, R.M.Smith, J.L. Stark, W.E. Troke, C.F. Valleau, J.F. Watkins, C. Wallace, W.B. Watson, W. Wightman, W.G. Wilson, S.J. Watts, F. Williams, F.J. Yanchus. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Breen, J. M.; Watson-Matthews, J. M.; Heard, F. H.; Brownlee, H. L.; Harris, R. S.; Valleau, C. F.


Page Title:
Page 35_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 8 photographs, possibly taken in France, depicting soldiers near ruins and camp sites. Captions include: Interior of a German shell 5. q.; Jack and Evangeline; New Easter hat; Overhead and underground communication.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
France


Page Title:
Page 36
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 8 photographs depicting scenes from France including tents, living quarters--interior and exterior, ruined buildings, and batteries. Captions include: Some hut!; Jack's boudoir [J. A. Langford?]; underground battery; Engineers' quarters France; Venus!; Ruins; concealed battery.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
France


Page Title:
Page 36_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting the interior of a ruined building, a 'tank', trench, and two soldiers. Top three photographs were likely taken in France and are captioned: holes that were not made by mice; 'Blundering, thundering, typical, terrible - TANK; trench - 1917 model.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
France


Page Title:
Page 36_verso a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page reveals military orders for the 2nd Army Troops Coy., Canadian Engineers for operations in the Somme region of France, dated October 1, 1916.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916-1917
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
France--Hazebrouck; France--Lillers; France--Frevent; Belgium--Poperinghe; France--Contay; France --Doullens; France--Saint-Venant


Page Title:
Page 37
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains a program for a Returned Soldiers' Concert held at Dominion Theatre, Ottawa, December 10, 1916 and organized by the Sportsmen's Patriotic Association. The concert included music by B. C. Hilliam with lyrics by poet, E. Pauline Johnson. 2 news clippings are described in image 37b.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
People Depicted:
Hilliam, B. C.; Johnson, E. Pauline, 1861-1913


Page Title:
Page 37 a
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
2nd image of page includes interior of program.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; World War, 1914-1918--War work--Canada
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa


Page Title:
Page 37 b
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
3rd image of page revealing back of program and 2 news clippings. Subjects include: The Signallers hockey team practice, featuring 'Big George Westman' and a photograph of a British tank with a caption explaining the naming of the machine "tank".
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.; Military sports
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa
Transcript:
[start clipping] Nineteen Men Turned Out With Signallers This Morning --- Big Westman Shaped Up Well - Munitions Workout Tonight. --- SIGNALLERS put over a practice at the Arena this morning that was a blizzard. Nineteen men lined out under Lieut. Kirby and were shot through sixty minutes of going that made them think it was a June day outside. The teams were started as follows, with various substitutions during the brush: - Tobin.......Goal........Lang T.O'Neil....Defence.....Westman Stevenson...Defence.....C.O'Neill Brownlee....Rover.......Merrick Reeves......Centre......McEwan Breen.......Right Wing..Meeking Friel.......Left Wing...Morrison Substitutions - Valleau, Rose, Gilchrist, JOnes, and Bell. Big George Westman shaped up well on the defence and the forwards had a hard time getting by him. He would make his work twice as effective if he passed the puck occasionally when he travelled down the ice. At the conclusion of the line-up, Lieut. Kirby chased the whole squad around the rink for five minutes. [end clipping] [start clipping] 1 photograph THE "TANK" AS IT IS. - This is a "Tank," after action, the wonderful new war arm which has been developed for trench warfare by British brains. The word "Tank" was adopted by the Ministry of Munitions to secure secrecy, but the public and the "Tommies" have trawled the dictionary for more expressive names for the weapon. Some of the favourites have been Land Dreadnought, Caterpillar Saurian, War Whale, Snark, Wibbly-Wobbly, Pachyderm, Slug, Big Willie and Ichtyosaurus. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Westman, George


Page Title:
Page 37_verso
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page includes a leave pass for Lieut. J. A. Langford, 2nd Army Troops Co CE and 2 clippings. One clipping mentions Sapper Norman Senior as part of the Press Committee and in the other, the author writes about meeting with aquaintances from Canada while in England.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916
Collection:
Florence M. Westman collection
Location(s):
England--London
Transcript:
[start clipping] Press Committee. The press committee, which is conducting the publicity side of the "Give Us His Name Campaign" is composed of well-known journalists. The Committee is composed of Lieut. Gerard, formerly city editor of La Presse; Corporal Harry Walker, formerly editor of the Renfrew Journal and Sapper C.N. Senior, late of the Vancouver World. [end clipping] [start clipping] The World Smal. "But talking about the world being small. I was over in London the other day and I bumped into Lieut. Joe Gorman, who is now in the Royal Naval Aerial Service. Joe had just received orders to sail for some port down in the Mediterranean. He looked fine. I also met Jack and Brian Devlin in England as well as Norman Scott of Ottawa, who was recently transferred from the army. I was over on leave and I came across nearly everyone from 'home'. "Jack Devlin had made good with a vengence. This tall, slim lad we used to see on the golf links is one of the chief instructors at a big naval station. Brian was taking the suplementary course at Crystal Palace. He wasn't quite sure which station he would finish up at, but I think he will be detailed t serve under Jack in the coast defenses. Both the Devlin boys are in the 'pink'. I saw Brian take a trial flight and it was a beauty. He dipped and sailed around like a bird. When he came down smiling one of the officers shook hands with Brian and a lot of people commented on his boyish appearance. ANyway, I felt proud to tell them that he came from good old Ottawa. Walter Kenny was on the East coast and I did not get a chance to see him. Joe Gorman has been given charge of a flying boat squad. Don Brophy Winged. "There aren't many Ottawa boys in the Royal Flying Corps, which is a branch of the army. The Royal Naval Aerial Service is mostly for defences and they have been doing great work in chasing Zepps and Taubes. John Allen is in England now, but was in France for some time. Walter Soper left for France a few days ago and has probably been in the thick of it by now. Did you know that Don Brophy was wounded? He was sent to the front in quick time and he made a number of flights over the German lines along the Somme. He got into some kind of a duel with one of the crack German airmen and was 'winged.' Don guided his machine back to the British lines and landed safely. He is just out of the hospital. I understand his wounds were slight, but they forced him to give up his first big air duel. Jack Ryan has also been on duty along the Somme. He and Brophy were both sent north about the first of August to rest a bit. Jack was used up considerably. [end clipping]
People Depicted:
Senior, Norman; Langford, J. A.


Page Title:
Page 38
Creator:
Westman, Florence M.
Description:
Page contains 2 news clippings: one discusses Ottawa men who are soldiers in the Royal Flying Corps, the other announces that local athlete, Don Brophy was wounded in an air battle over the German Line. Because Canada had no flying corps during WWI, men who want to fly enlisted in England, often paying for their own training. Don Brophy died in a plane crash in December 1916. Page also includes two photographs with the general caption: Sgt Harry Charlton C. E. F. - "are we downhearted?"
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Westman, Florence M.
Date:
1916