Victoria to Vimy The First World War Collections at the University of Victoria Libraries

Archie Wills photograph album, appendage to autobiographical chapter on WWI

Page Title:
Cover_verso
Transcript:
[start page] 'All IN A LIFETIME' This volume is a pictorial appendage to the chapter 'WAR--1914-18. The Fun and the Horror' of my autobiography 'ALL IN A LIFETIME'. It contains many small pictures taken on the Western Front and assembled by my friend, Ernest Greenwood, who served with me in th e Canadian Field Artillery and who died in 1968 and left his album to me. I have added pictures from my own collection, including, on the final page, a copy of the actual 'Cease Fire', which was sent to all units on the First Armistice Day, November 11th., 1918, the day on which the Canadian Corps captured the historic city of Mons. There are also several clippings which, I hope, will enable the uninitiated to gain a better understanding of the tragedy of war, which is so necessary if we are to have freedom from WAR. These pictures start with my departure from Vitoria May 28th., 1916, of training in Camp Petawawa, Ont., crossing the Atlantic in a troop transport, of further training in England and then the big adventure in France and Belgium. Archie H. Wills. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 1
Description:
Page contains newspaper clippings announcing the enlistment of Archie Wills to the 5th Regiment, CGA in Victoria BC and the deployment and subsequent wounding of his brother, Percy Wills.
Transcript:
[start page] Mr. Archie Wills Formerly Marine Editor of the Victoria Times, who has joined the 5th Regiment C.G.A. and hopes to get away on active service with the next artillery draft. Ten men daily for the last ten days is the record of the recruiting staff of the 15th Artillery Brigade. Gnr. A. Wills is in charge, and the recruiting staff is getting excellent results. Mr. Archie Wills Joins 5th Regiment --- Marine Editor of Victoria Daily Times Enlists with Artillery Corps - Begins Duties Immediately --- Mr. Archie Wills, for the last five years marine editor of The Victoria Times, resigned his office yesterday to join the 5th Regiment. He commences his military duties next Tuesday, and has made application for admission to the next overseas draft. Mr. Wills is known in all ports of the Pacific Coast, most of which he has covered in fishing smacks in search of local color. He is also known in railroad circles through British Columbia and in Eastern Canada, which he has visited regularly. Perhaps his most noteworthy accomplishment was the series of short sketches of sea life, entitled 'Around the Ship Chandler's Stove,' which he published under his signature on the marine page of The Times throughout the last two Winters. These sketches proved very popular and were widely read and copied. Last August he was active in an endeavor to make Victoria an aviation centre by establishing an aviation school here, and was elected secretary of the Victoria Aero Club. Since he took up newspaper work he has been a keen enthusiast of aviation. Mr. Wills is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Wills, 1002 Caledonia Avenue, and was born in this city. Since he left High School eight years ago last October to enter the service of The Times as office boy, his rise has been rapid. He is 23 years of age. Left with 11th C.M.R. PTE. Percy E. Wills Son of Mr. and Mrs. F.H. Wills, 1002 Caledonia avenue, left here with the 11th C.M.R., recently. He was born in Victoria, and after leaving the High school was for some time in the employ of Shortt, Hill & Duncan. He joined the 11th Battalion last March. His brother, Archie Wills, formerly marine reporter on the Times, went away with the 62nd Battery, C.F.A. Victoria Soldier Reported Wounded Sig. Percy E. Wills Mr. and Mrs. F.H.Wills, 1002 Caledonia Avenue, receicved word last week that their youngest son, Sig. Percy E. Wills, was admitted to No. 6 Convalescent Depot, Etaples, on October 27, suffering from a contused foot. Sig. Wills, who is well known here, enlisted with the 11th C.M.R., leaving in June 1916, and on arrival in England transferred to the 14th Brigade Artillery, with which unit he has served in France during the past fourteen months. His brother, Sergt. Archie Wills, is attached to the same unit.


Page Title:
Page 1_verso
Description:
Page contains an illustrated printing of the poem, 'The Ypres Salient,' by R. N. Clements M.C., April 1915.
Date:
1915-04
Location(s):
Belgium--Ypres
Transcript:
[start page] A sea of mud under leaden skies The Ypres Salient April 1915 by R. N. Clements, M.C. If you think it crude to be rough and rude, this tale is not for you. There is nothing nice about rats and lice, from any point of view. Yes, the rats do roam, and make their home, in the fields where the dead men lie. Yes, the lice do bite, all day and night, and never quit till you die. Where the human moles from their stinking holes crawl up through the muck and slime, To hide all day, then work all night, till there is no sense to time. The great shells roar through the leaden skies, as their targets crouch in the drains; Then burst with a crash, and the shrapnel flies, and it rains, and rains, and rains. On a dirty night when your nerves draw tight, and you rouse to the gas alarms, In a dank shell hole, you'd sell your soul, for a night in a woman's arms. When a grey green mass of chlorine gas, drifts down from the Eastern sky, You choke and spit, as your lungs are split, and you see your best friends die. In the stink and stench of a rotten trench, 'mid the swarms of filthy flies, Some men got caught, so their bodies rot, and the maggots eat their eyes. There tattered bums from city slums, with pampered sons of the rich, All lie with God, on that sodden sod, and you can't tell which is which. In that sea of mud, you can feel your blood, grow cold as you shake with fright; Then among the dead you raise your head, to stand to your post to fight. So a few survive and are still alive, when at last relief breaks through, And the press reports all quiet as they bury the lads they knew. Theirs was the fate from German hate, its greed and mistaken pride. From far off days, a soldier prays, forget not why they died. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 2
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting buildings destroyed as a result of war in Ypres. Captions include :Cloth Hall Ypres; Cloth Hall by Moonlight; St. Martins Ypres; Cloth Hall Door.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
Belgium--Ypres;


Page Title:
Page 2_verso
Description:
Page contains a folded copy of a painting featuring soldiers at the front with guns. Across the top of the image is a handwritten caption B-sub gun, 4.5 Lowitzer, 58th Battery, C.F.A. captained by Charlie Wills.


Page Title:
Page 3
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting locations and damaged structures in Ypres. The captions include: Flamertinghe Rd. Ypres; Water Tower; The Ramparts; Street in Ypres.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
Belgium--Ypres


Page Title:
Page 3_verso
Description:
Page contains 3 photographs depicting scenes of a Billet in France with the caption Billet Mount St. Eloi.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Mount St. Eloi


Page Title:
Page 4
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting locations and structures, some of which have been destroyed during war. The captions include: Gun Position Sanctuary Wood; Flamertinghe; Red Chateau Courcelette; Sanctuary Wood.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
Belgium--Sanctuary Wood; Belgium--Ypres--Flamertinghe; France--Courcelette--Red Chateau


Page Title:
Page 4_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph depiciting a battle field scene with the caption Sugar Refinery Courcelette.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Courcelette--Sougar Refinery


Page Title:
Page 5
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting areas destroyed as a result of warfare. The captions include: Sugar Refinery Courcelette; Courcelette; No Man's Land Regina Trench; Bombardment Courcellette.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Courcelette


Page Title:
Page 5_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 newspaper clipping describing how trains hauled 800 tons of ammunition, rations and supplies every day.
Date:
1914-1918
Transcript:
[start page] VIMY! continued from page 12 The trains hauled foward some 800 tons of ammunition, rations and supplies every day More than 20 miles of light railway supplied the Corps area and a special unit was formed to run it. Although sometimes within range of German mortars, the little trains were seldom shot at. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 6
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting prisoners and scenes in France. The captions include: Prisoners at Vimy; Road into Vimy; Vimy.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Vimy


Page Title:
Page 6_verso
Description:
Page contains 5 photographs depicting troops, soldiers and wagons, the battlefield and a destroyed building in a town with the caption View from Vimy.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Vimy


Page Title:
Page 7
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting locations and damaged structures in France. The captions include: Vimy Memorial; Willerval; Ablain St. Nazaire; Farbus.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Vimy; France--Willerval; France--Ablain St. Nazaire; France--Farbus


Page Title:
Page 7_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 newspaper clipping, featuring a large photograph of soldiers in the trenches, with a smaller color photograph inserted depicting restored trenches in present day.
Date:
1914-1918
Transcript:
[start page] Today the trenches have been ffixed up and restored. And the tourists stroll where men fought and died. But this section of Vimy Ridge which Canadians captured in 1917 is Canadian still - it has been given as a memorial park by the French. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 8
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting soldiers in the trenches and in the camp. The captions include: Dump at Quatre Vents; Imperial Camp Mt. St. Eloi; Repairing a Trench; Consolidating.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Quatre Vents; France Mt. St. Eloi


Page Title:
Page 8_verso
Description:
Page contains 5 photographs depicting various scenes and locations of the battle field in France with the caption Steel Tree Neuville St. Vaast.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Neuville St. Vaast


Page Title:
Page 9
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting troops and wagons, a gun, destroyed structures and a gun position. The captions include: Souchez River; French Gun (Railway); Ruins near Lens; Concrete Gun Position Lens.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Souchez River; France--Lens


Page Title:
Page 9_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 postcards and 1 photograph. One postcard features Arras and contains a with written annotation (ink). The second postcard depicts Apras-Guerre with printed information. The photograph features a destroyed building and civilians.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Arras
Transcript:
[start page] Jean te joint a moi prou t'embrasser aimsi que toute la famille. Tou frere Maurice Arrities le Pierre et Celine 32. - Arras. - L'Hotel de Ville (XVI s) at la Place de la Vacquerie No. 35 - Arras - Guerre 1914 -Ce qui restait de l'Hotel de Ville et du Beffroi apres le nouveau bombardement du 21 Octobre Le Beffroi frappe par un dernier obus s'effondre sur lui-meme a 11 h. 12. Reproduction Interdite Charles Ledieu, Edit Arras [end page]


Page Title:
Page 10
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting an army vehicle, a damaged structure, and machine gun points. The captions include: Staff Car in Leavin; Y.M.C.A. Leavin; Machine Gun Coy. Passchendaele; Machine Gun Strong Point.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
Belgium--Passchendaele


Page Title:
Page 10_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 newspaper clipping about the history of the Towers of Mont St. Eloy.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Mont-Saint-Eloi
Transcript:
[start page] The Towers of Mont St. Eloy By D.E. Macintyre Editor's Note: This article is written in response to requests for the authentic story about the Towers of Mont St. Eloy. Off to the NOrth-east of present-day Arras, about five miles up the road to Bruay, there came a Christian misionary in the year 640 A.D. Later canonized as Saint Eloy, he built an abbey on a hill-top that faces the Vimy ridge to the East. The place became known as Mont St. Eloy. France was still a primitive country, well wooded and sparsely popoulated with men who seldom strayed far from the valley in whch they were born. The Church supplied what little culture existed, and that was not much. Almost everyone except the clergy was illiterate, and men of iron ruled the land. It can be guessed, therefore, that Sait Eloy's abbey looked down on centuries of feudal and religious warfare. It was old when William the Conqueror landed in England in 1066. It saw bands of Crusaders march down the valley, and it passed through more centuries of bitter strife. But in spite of all the vicissitudes of time, it survived until the 18th century, when the people of the parish built a church on the site - a church with two square towers. Imposing in strenght and dignity, the towers were to become one of the best known landmarks on the Western Front in the First World War. Every Canadian soldier of World War I has heard the story - that is, every one who was ever billeted near Vimy Ridge - of how the church of St. Eloy was destroyed during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. Certainly, when we arrived on the scene, the man body of the church had disappeared; nothing remained but the towers, and they looked decidedly the worse for wear. Dispelling a myth But I must dispel this myth, because I have it on the word of the mayor of St. Eloy that the towers stood erect and unscathed in 1914, although the main body of the church has ceased to exist. The Germans found the towers to be excellent ranging marks for their artillery and managed to knock some of the corners off, but they stand there to this day. As for the remainder of the church, it seemed to have been swept away. No pile of crumbled masonry marked its site. What had become of it? The mayor, in answer to my question, said that it was destroyed during the French Revolution but that the revolutionaries were only partly to blame for its destruction. It seems that the new regime in France imposed such unbearable taxes on all churches that the villagers pulled this one down and left only the towers standing as a monument. During its long history the monks of the abbey, and others whom it sheltered, often found it expedient to take refuge underground in times of trouble. So, like soldiers in the 1914-1918 war, they too became tunnelers. In time, they had a passageway that reached from Mont St. Eloy to Arras, five miles distant, and there is a house in Arras that covered the exit, though this has long since been sealed up. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 11
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting troops in the field and a head quarter. The captions include: Head Quarters in Quarry; Troops on March near Cheresy; Going Over; Going Over Monchy, 1918.
Date:
1918
Location(s):
France--Cheresy; France--Monchy


Page Title:
Page 11_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 prayer card featuring A Soldier's Prayer, composed by Sir George Colley.
Date:
1914-1918
Transcript:
[start page] A Soldier's Prayer Lord, ere I join in deadly strife And battle's terrors dare, First would I render soul and life To Thine Almighty care. And when grim death, in smoke- wreaths robed, Comes thundering o'er the scene, What fear can reach the soldier's heart, Whose trust in Thee has been? --- This verse was composed by Sir George Colley, who died at the battle of Majuba Hill. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 12
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting tanks, troops, troops and cavallery. The captions include: Fire in Burlon Woods, 1918; Tanks at Amiens; Cyclists Hindenburg Line; Sir Douglas Haig.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Bourlon Wood; France--Amiens


Page Title:
Page 12_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph depicting the inside of a damaged church with the caption Church Ruins Cambrai.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Cambrai


Page Title:
Page 13
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting troops and building activities, and locations. The captions include: Bridge Building Canal du Nord; Canal du Nord; Jocks at Sailly; Hindenburg Line; 1918.
Date:
1918
Location(s):
France--Canal du Nord; France--Sailly-le-Sec


Page Title:
Page 13_verso
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting a destroyed town and buildings, troops and wagons with the caption Panorama View Cambrai.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Cambrai


Page Title:
Page 14
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs with a panoramic view of a town as well as destroyed buildings. The captions include: View of Cambrai; Troops entering Cambrai; Fires in Cambrai; Ruins at Cambrai.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Cambrai


Page Title:
Page 14_verso
Description:
Page contains 3 photographs of soldiers at Petawawa training camp. The captions include: Black, Clark, A. Wills, McIntosh; Percy Wills; Ottawa River 1916.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Ottawa River; Ontario--Petawawa
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie; Wills, Percy; Black; Clark; McIntosh


Page Title:
Page 15
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting prisoners, a road and bridge as well as nurses. The captions include: Prisoners Cambrai Road; Road into Cambrai; Nurses at Valenciennes; Bridge at Valenciennes.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Cambrai; France--Valenciennes


Page Title:
Page 15_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs depicting tents and soldiers at Petawawa training camp, Ontario and includes the caption, Petawawa 1916.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa


Page Title:
Page 16
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting a towns square, trenches, troops marching and a destroyed station. The captions include: Square at Valenciennes 1918; Fire near Valenciennes; Troops entering Mons; Station at Valencinnes.
Date:
1918
Location(s):
France--Valenciennes; France--Mons


Page Title:
Page 16_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs taken during Wills' training at Petawawa camp, Ontario, depicting, a soldier with a gun with the caption Newton 1916 and a river with the caption Petawawa River.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa
People Depicted:
Newton, William


Page Title:
Page 17
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring cavalry and troops crossing a bridge and a concert. The captions include: C.L.H. Bonn Bridge 1918; CII Inspection Bonn Bridge; CII Concert Party Bonn; CII Inspection Bonn Bridge.
Date:
1918
Location(s):
Germany--Bonn


Page Title:
Page 17_verso
Description:
Page contains 3 photographs featuring troops in the field during meal time with the caption Meal Time Heavies.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 18
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring troops in gun positions and in action. The captions include: Burlon Village; Inside Gun Position; Heavy in Action; Bully Grenay.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Bourlon Village; France--Bully-Grenay


Page Title:
Page 18_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph featuring a farm house and surrounding buildings with the caption Headquarters No 7 Gouy-Serdins.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 19
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring soldiers moving guns and in action. The captions include Pulling Gun in Pit; Pulling around 9.2; C.F.A. Vimy; C.F.A. in Action.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Vimy


Page Title:
Page 19_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs taken during Wills training at Witley, England and includes the caption, Witley, Remounts 1916.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
England--Witley


Page Title:
Page 20
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring gun-related activities. The captions include: Cleaning Howitzer; Thawing out; Camouflaged Gun Position; Ready to Move.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 20_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs depicting grazing horses and soldiers loading wagons with the caption, Entraining. These were taken during Wills' training in England as the troops prepared for deployment to France, 1917.
Date:
1917
Location(s):
England--Godalming


Page Title:
Page 21
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring a shell case dump; tractors; and the use of a stretcher. The captions include: Shell Case Dump; Tractors near Vimy; Fritz Stretcher Case; Stretcher Party at Crucifex.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Vimy


Page Title:
Page 21_verso
Description:
Page contains 3 photographs of young women that Archie Wills met while stationed in England and France during the war. One of the photographs features the annotation (ink) Yours Sincerely Julia 25/10/18. Page includes the caption, "Some of the girls I met . . ."
Date:
1916-1918
Transcript:
[start page] Some of the girls I met...Left, Marie, who ran the estaminet in Sans-en-Gohelle, where we had our wagon lines. Centre, Madelaine Monnier, of Paris, took me skating at Luna Park and to Opera. Left, a readhead, Julia, who lived at Forest Gate, London, near Uncle Peter. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 22
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring soldiers carried on stretchers. The captions include: Carrying out Hill 70 1917; Stretcher Case; Stretcher Case Hot Drink; Stretcher Case.
Date:
1917


Page Title:
Page 22_verso
Description:
Page contains 3 photographs of young women Archie Wills met while stationed in England and France during the war and includes the caption, "Some more gals . . ." Each photograph features an annotation (ink): Marguerite; Edith, Jan. 1919; Yours Sincerely Vi, 26/7/17.
Date:
1917-1919
Transcript:
[start page] Some more gals..Right, Marguerite, of Edinburgh, whom Percy knew. Centre, Edith Ivall, of London, whose father had money and race horses. Right, <del>Viv</del> Vi, of London, who called me 'Fag' because of my name, Wills, of tobacco fame. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 23
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring injured soldiers and medical aid provided to soldiers. The captions include Narrow Guage Rly; First Aid; Stretcher Case Passchendale; Sitting Case in Ambulance.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 23_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs depicting soldiers in England preparing for deployment to France and includes the captions, Newton, Kelly, Mason, Lomas, Dowell, and, Off for France.
Date:
1917
Location(s):
England
People Depicted:
Newton, William; Kelly; Mason; Lomas, George; Dowell, Alfred


Page Title:
Page 24
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring injured soldiers and medical aid provided to soldiers. The captions include Walking Wounded; Waiting at Narrow Guage; Crowd outside Dressing Station; Dressing Fritz Wounded.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 24_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs featuring an individual soldier with his kit displayed with the caption Blogg Kit Inspection, and a group of soldiers with their kits displayed with the caption Newton, Mason, Hedley, Dowell, Wills, Lomas.
Date:
1916-1917
People Depicted:
Blogg, J.W.; Newton, William; Mason, Francis Scott; Hedley, John; Dowell, Alfred; Lomas, George


Page Title:
Page 25
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring different scenes and activities. The captions include: 72nd Tug of War Team; Fixing Bombson Plane; Fritz 'Whizz Bang' Battery; Mayor of Souchetz.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 25_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph featuring a group of soldiers at Petawawa training camp, Ottawa and includes the captions: on the photograph Day of Sports Petawawa; PT-Intructors-Wills X 1916 Petawawa
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 26
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring marching prisoners, a gun position and dead German soldiers. The captions include: Prisoners at the Somme; Fritz Gun Position; Dead Fritz's (twice).
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Somme


Page Title:
Page 26_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs depicting young women who assisted Wills during his time in France and Belgium, when he was stricken with Spanish Flu.
Date:
1917-1918
Location(s):
Belgium--Thulin; France--Denain
Transcript:
[start page] After Armistice and our capture of Mons, I billeted my horses and me in a farm in Thulin, Belguim (sic). I was stricken with 'flu and I was given first-call treatment by thse girls, Desiree and Josephine, after the farmer put me to bed in his home. I think they had a lot to do with my survival. This is Mlle Amalia Morel,of Denain, France. After an exhaustive period, we stopped in this town and she was one of civilians (sic) who greeted us and gave me a healthy meal. [end page]
People Depicted:
Morel, Amelia


Page Title:
Page 27
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring German prisoners of war and a German staff vehicle. The captions include: Prisoners of War Cage; German Staff Car coming thru re. Armistice; Searching Prisoners; German Officers Prisoners.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Denain


Page Title:
Page 27_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs depicting soldiers from Petawawa training camp, Ottawa, setting up camp and enjoying free time at the river and includes the captions: Petawawa tent decorating and swimming Petawawa.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa


Page Title:
Page 28
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring scenes of the battlefield. The captions include: The Battlefield; Three Grumps; Firing Naval Gun at Night; Gas Shells.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 28_verso
Description:
Page contains 5 photographs featuring marching soldiers in a town, on the battlefield and in trenches, and destroyed buildings with the caption Front Line.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 29
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring explosions in the battlefield and moving a stretcher in a trench. The captions include: Wolly Baer 5.9 - Time Shell; High Explosive; Carrying Stretcher in Trench; Shrapnel.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 29_verso
Description:
Page contains a menu of the 62nd Battery Canadian Field Artillery, Dec. 25th 1916 at Witley Camp, England. The page features the caption Christmas Dinner Witley 1916.
Date:
1916-12-25
Location(s):
England--Witley
Transcript:
[start page] (front page of menu) 62nd Battery, Canadian Field Artillery. Dec. 25th, 1916. Witley Camp, England. [end page] [start page] (inside page of menu, left) Hark to the song where spheral voices blend, 'There's no beginning, never will be end.' It makes us nutty, hang the astral chimes, The table's spread, come, let us dine, my friend. Robert W. Service. [end page] [start page] (inside page of menu, right) 'Stand to your feeds.' Cordite. Reveille Soup a la Petawawa. Roast F.A.T. Light Bay Gravy Apples au Bran Maah. The Fatted Calf, Roasted, with Prodigal Relish. Sanguinary Sauce. Irish Apples. Devonshired. Yorkshired. Dugout Parsnips. N.C.O. Sprouts (Major's green specials) In Column and Sub-Sections. Double Up Sauce. Measles Mixture. Cameronian Pudding. Mice Pie a la Frame. Lyddite Grenades. Shrapnel sur al Branche. Blighty Recontres. Officers (nuts). Limbergunner Cheese. Coffee and number nine ad lib. --- 'Battery all fed and feeding Sir.'


Page Title:
Page 30
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring various activities. Captions include: Felling a Tree; Veterinary Corps; Pigeons; Observation Baloon.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 30_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs featuring a formal group photographs of soldiers in uniform and tent lines at Fort Macaulay in Esquimalt, British Columbia
Date:
1916
Location(s):
British Columbia--Esquimalt
People Depicted:
Clearihue, Joseph B.


Page Title:
Page 31
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring various scenes of the soldier's lives at the front. The captions inlcude: Tank in Barbed Wire; Dump Line; Pack Horses; His Annual.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 31_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs featuring soldiers sitting and standing in front of a tank with the caption Somme, and a large plume of smoke billowing from a house with the caption Valenciennes.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Somme; France--Valenciennes


Page Title:
Page 32
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring soldiers in different situations. The captions include: Front Line Comforts; Bomb Stores; Reinforcements on Tank; Signallers.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 32_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph featuring a group of soldiers from the 58th Battery, CFA taken in Germany after the Armistice.
Date:
1918-1919
Location(s):
Germany--Cologne
Transcript:
[start page] Members of te Sargeants' (sic) Mess of 58th. Battery, C.F.A., taken in Cologne, German, after the Armistice. Archie Wills, one of the sargeants (sic), missing in picture as he was hospitalized with Spanish 'Flu. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 33
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring a farm house, a mechanical vehicle, soldiers and a German position. The captions include: A Farm House; Mechanical Bug; Colored Boys 'Safety First'; Fritz Dugout and Dead.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 33_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph featuring a group men with the caption Fowler Mouat Wills Mason Dawson Brown.
People Depicted:
Fowler; Mouat; Wills, Archie; Mason; Dawson; Brown


Page Title:
Page 34
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring individual military men. The captions include: Col. Bishop V.C.; General Turner; Prince of Wales; General Byng.
Date:
1914-1918
People Depicted:
Bishop, William Avery, 1894-1956; Turner, Richard Ernest William, 1871-1961 ; Windsor, Edward, Duke of, 1894-1972; Byng, Julian Hedworth George Byng, Viscount, 1862-1935


Page Title:
Page 34_verso
Description:
Page contains 2 photographs: a formal picture of soldiers in uniform and a large crowd at the inner harbour in Victoria with the caption Leaving Victoria May 28 - 1916. Archie Wills is pictured in the bottom center of the upper left photograph.
Date:
1916-05-28
Location(s):
British Columbia--Victoria
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 35
Description:
Page contains 3 photographs featuring a dental check, a dump site and walking soldiers. The captions include: Dental Parade; Small Dump near Cambrai; Jocks at Arras.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
France--Cambrai; France--Arras


Page Title:
Page 35_verso
Description:
Page contains 3 photographs depicting the departure of Wills' battalion from the inner harbour, Victoria, British Columbia (the Empress Hotel is visible in one photo). One of the images contains the caption Leaving Victoria May 28, 1916.
Date:
1916-05-28
Location(s):
British Columbia--Victoria


Page Title:
Page 36
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs taken during Archie Wills' training at Fort Macaulay, Esquimalt, British Columbia. Photos depict barracks and roads covered in snow, and tent lines with the caption, Macaulay - Feb. 1 - 1916.
Date:
1916-02-01
Location(s):
British Columbia--Esquimalt


Page Title:
Page 36_verso
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting scenes from Petawawa training camp, Ontario. Subjects include: soldiers on horse-back with the caption H.R. Duke of Connaught Petawawa; a group of horses and riders in a river or lake; a group of soldiers in a tent with the caption Somewhere in Petawawa; soldiers and guns with the caption Battery Gun Drill, Petawawa Camp Ont.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa


Page Title:
Page 37
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs featuring barracks and other scenes taken during Wills' training in England. Wills' is depicted in three photographs--his location marked with a white x.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
England--Witley Camp
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 37_verso
Description:
Page contains 9 photographs featuring scenes of the daily life of soldiers at Petawawa training camp in Ottawa during the First World War. Wills is depicted in the top center photograph.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 38
Description:
Page contains 6 photographs featuring scenes of the daily life at Petawawa training camp, Ottawa during the First World War.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
Ontario--Petawawa


Page Title:
Page 38_verso
Description:
Page contains 7 photographs featuring scenes from military training camp--likely Petawawa, Ontario. Archie Wills is depicted here cutting a soldier's hair, writing in a journal, and marching or jogging.
Date:
1916
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 39
Description:
Page contains 5 photographs taken during Archie Wills' journey from Canada to England aboard the Troopship 'Cameronia'.
Date:
1916


Page Title:
Page 39_verso-a
Description:
Page features a dinner menu from the Angel Hotel, Godalming with the caption Dinner Bill Newton's Birthday 1916
Date:
1916
Location(s):
England--Godalming
Transcript:
[start page] Angel Hotel Godalming Meatless Day Menu Soup Artichoke --- Prawn Mayonnaise --- Filleted Plaine or Filleted Haddock a la Maitre d'Hotel --- Sweets Pruen Mould Apple Cream Stewed Scruits --- Desert [end page]
People Depicted:
Newton, William


Page Title:
Page 39_verso
Description:
Page features a dinner menu of the Angel Hotel, Godalming with the caption Dinner Bill Newton's Birthday.
Date:
1914-1918
Location(s):
England--Godalming


Page Title:
Page 40
Description:
Page features the front-page of a program from the Garrison Theatre, Witley, England
Date:
1916
Location(s):
England--Witley
Transcript:
[start page] Garrison Theatre, Witley. Step Inside! Programme [end page]


Page Title:
Page 40-a
Description:
Page features 2 pages of program of the Garrison Institute and Theatre, Witley.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
England--Witley


Page Title:
Page 40_verso
Description:
Page contains 6 photographs depicting soldiers at military training camp in Witley, England. Archie Wills is pictured in the two center photographs.
Date:
1916
Location(s):
England--Witley
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 41
Description:
Page contains 4 photographs depicting Archie Wills and fellow soldiers at military training camp in Witley, England.
Date:
1916-1917


Page Title:
Page 41_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph depicting Archie Wills' class at Woolwich Military Academy, England, 1917.
Date:
1917
Location(s):
England--Woolwich
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 42
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph: a group portrait of soldiers in uniform. Archie Wills is depicted in the back row, third from the left.
Date:
1917
Location(s):
England
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 42_verso
Description:
Page contains a dining ticket for the R.M.S. 'Royal George', and 1 photograph depicting Archie Wills and Mitch Inglis with the caption, "O-Pip staff - Wills - Inglis - Divion France."
Date:
1917
Location(s):
France--Pas-de-Calais--Divion
People Depicted:
Inglis, Mitch; Wills, Archie


Page Title:
Page 43
Description:
Page contains a ticket for the Anchor Line 'Cameronia', a ration card; and 2 photographs depicting troopships on the Atlantic Ocean.
Date:
1914-1918


Page Title:
Page 43_verso
Description:
Page contains 5 photographs depicting troopships and escort ships on the Atlantic Ocean, likely taken during Archie Wills journey on the Cameronia in 1916.
Date:
1916


Page Title:
Page 44
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph featuring the 15th Brigade Reunion on May 31st 1952 and a description of the individuals.
Date:
1952-05-31
Transcript:
[start page] 15th. Briage Reunion, May. 31st.,1952, in Bay Street Armouries.Back row, left to right...G.L. Foulkes, Fred Libby, Ralph Smathurst, Phil Brethour, Bill Newton, Gavin Mouat, Ed Burrows and Archie Wills, Front row..George Lomas, Bobby Ross, Jock McNeill, Chuck Kinlosh and Jimmy Green...This date, May 13, 1972, when 56th reunion held all had gone west but Newton, Smathurst and Wills. [end page]


Page Title:
Page 44_verso
Description:
Page contains 1 photograph featuring the 15th Brigade Reunion on May 29th 1954 and a description of the individuals.
Date:
1954-05-29
Transcript:
[start page] 15th. Brigade Reunion, May 29th.,1954, in Bay Street Armories..Standing... Ralph Cruickshank, Bob Travis, Gordon Cameron, George Paulin, Bob Owens, Archie Gibbs, Jack Hibberson, George Kenneth, Ted King..Kneelling, Vinc McKenna and Henry Jarvis...This date, May 13, 1972, Cruickshank and Travis only alive. [end page]


Page Title:
Inside back cover
Description:
Page contains a copy of the form sent to troops on the day of the Armistice, November 11, 1918.
Date:
1918-11-11
Transcript:
[start page] A Form Messages and Signals To 4th Bde. C.E. A.A.& Q.M.G. AP.M. Signals A.D.M.S. G. 11 AAA Cdn.Corps 0645 aaa Hostilities will cease at 1100 hours on Nov. 11th aaa Troops will stand fast on the line reached at that hour which will be reported to Corps H.Q aaa Defensive precautions will be maintained aaa There will be no intercourse of any description with the enemy aaa Further instructions follow 4th Canadian Division Major[2 words] [end page]


Page Title:
Loose item - Discharge Certificate.
Description:
Loose item is a Canadian Expeditionary Force Discharge Certificate for H. A. Wills on March 22nd 1919.
Date:
1919-03-22
Transcript:
[start page] Canadian Expeditionary Force Discharge Certificate This is to Certify that No. 1260347 Rank Sgt. Name (in full) Henry Archibald Wills enlisted in the 5th Regt. C.S.A. 62nd Batty. 15th BDE C.F.A. Canadian Expeditionary Force at Victoria, BC, on the 13th day of April 1916 He served in France with 14th Bd. C.7a and is now discharged from the service by reason of Demobilization The Description of this Soldier on the Date below is as follows: Age 26 yrs. Height 5.7 3/4 Complexion fair Eyes Hazel Hair dr Brown Signature of Soldier Marks or Scars Nil Issuing Officer [1 word] Andrews Captain Date of Discharge 22.3.19-- Signed at Vancouver BC this 22nd day of March 1919 in Military District No. 11 File Reference No. D.D.8544W [end page]


Page Title:
Loose 2
Description:
Loose item is 1 newspaper clipping of the Victoria Times, May 6th 1976,announcing the 60th reunion of the 15th Brigade in Victoria and highlighting than many of the men were former pupils of the Victoria High School, which celebrated its 100th anniversary. An annotation attached to the clipping states I'll keep this Dads 58th Batt 60th Reunion in 76. Same Year as Vic Hi 100 Ann.
Date:
1976-05-06
Location(s):
British Columbia--Victoria


Page Title:
Loose 2a
Description:
Loose item is 1 newspaper clipping of the Victoria Times, May 6th 1976,announcing the 60th reunion of the 15th Brigade in Victoria and highlighting than many of the men were former pupils of the Victoria High School, which celebrated its 100th anniversary.
Date:
1976-05-06
Transcript:
[start page] Victoria Times, Thursday May 6, 1976 Honor Roll Features Vic High Alumni Elizabeth Forbes I've been looking at the luncheon program arranged for a 60th reunion of the 15th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery Association, in the Faculty Club at University of Victoria, this Friday. And, as I go over the names of those who will take part in that reunion, and of the many whose names appear in a Roll of Honor on the back cover of the printed proceedings, I cannot help seeing the event as a side-bar or spin-off to the Victoria High School hundredth anniversary ceremonies, also scheduled for this week-end. So many of the young men who left Victoria with the 15th Brigade on Sunday, May 28, 1916 (after encamping on Macauley Plains) were - or had been - Victoria High students. In some instances there were two or more from a family - Percy and Archie Wills, Immy and Claude Pottinger, Edgar and Victor Fawcett, to name a few - and practically every one on the brigade list was well known in this city. Looking quickly down the honor role I spot Herb Brown, Ray Castle, Charles Conyers, Harry Clarke and G. J. Foulkes. A little further on I see Carl Gonnason, J.P. Gillespie, Archie Gibbs, Stan Gill and Ab Jones. There's Charles McKilligan, Basil Prior, Rob Owens, Bobby Ross, Allie Sargison and Sid White, also Fred Woodruff, Chuck Kinlock and Bill Creech. In another column I find Tommy Ross, Phil Brethour and Gordon Cameron; Steve Kelway, Clem Patterson and Haley Jackson; Vince McKenna, Ormond Griffin and Gordon McEarchern; Alf Dowell, Henry Jarvis, Doug Morry and John Hickey. There are many others on that honor roll. More now than on th elist of those who might be present at tomorrow's event in the Faculty Club. Sure to attend are Howard Knott, Archie Wills, president of the association, and his brother Percy; Ralph Cruickshank, the secretary, Tom McGimpsey, Ralph Smethurst who is coming from Portland, John Helmcken, here from San Diego and Bill Hudson, all of whom will take part in the program, with Hudson the master of ceremonies. Jim Wollison is expected from Winnipeg and Arthur (Pat) Riley from San Francisco. Wives will be present too, a custom started back in 1966, on the occasion of the brigade's 50th anniversary. In that year, the gathering was at the Ingraham Hotel and while brigade members were meeting in the main dining room, their wives were having a get-together in a room upstairs. Someone suggested the time had come to join forces. The idea was immediately taken up. An invitation was sent upstairs to 'join the men.' It was quickly accepted. And since then the yearly event has been a husband- and-wife affair. This year, as it is the 60th anniversary and as brigade members are now noticeably smaller, it has been decided to double up the rum rationel and to 'shoot the works' as Archie Wills describes it, on a gala affair. 'We don't have the stamina of youth now,' he says, 'and it doesn't take much to set our heads spinning. 'However, it's a luncheon affair. We'll have the afternoon to reminisce and to recover. And, if the worst comes to the worst, our wives will be there to drive us home.' While there are those in Victoria who will recall that Sunday in May, 1916, when almost 200 young men went off to the First World War, thousands more will not remember, because they were not here (many not even born) on that day. With that in mind, and as a well-earned accolade to the men of the 15th Brigade, I'm going to give you an extract from the official account of the Battle of the Drocourt- Queant Line (Hindenburg), which tells something of the work of the battery. It's printed in this year's diamond jubilee program: 'The Brigade was brought into action at St. Servins Farm, some distance behind Dury. The exacpt position of the 58th Battery was located by the enemy and it looked as if it would be wiped out of existence by shellfire. 'Shells were falling all around and in among the guns. The limbers came in at a gallop, wheeled around, the trails were dropped on the hooks, and the guns came out at a gallop to an apparently safe spot. 'Here, they were brought to action again in no time. 'There were casualties during this operation but it was carried out as a model of speed and efficiency.' (Canadian artillery on the march during 'The Last Hundred Days.') Postscript - It's a far cry from the days of the First World War to seven months ago when I wrote in this column about a local girl, Valerie Bradford, who is making a name as a fashion model in New York and abroad. Nevertheless, I would like to tell you that in the first issue of a new magazine for women (May 1976) there is a five-page spread about basic fashions and new accessories titled Rights in Spring. And on those pages, Valerie is featured. New Dawn is the name of the publication and judging from the initial edition it is being printed with thought of dipping into the circulation of some old established magazines for women, especially the Cosmopolitan. Valerie is also featured in a full page spread in the May issue of the popular Women's Day. She is the dauther of Mr. and Mrs. George Bradford of this city. [end page]


Page Title:
Loose 3
Description:
Loose items including 3 photographs featuring soldiers and their horses.
Date:
1914-1918



Description:
Photograph album is an appendage to autobiographical chapter, "War 1914-18: the Fun and the Horror." The album was originally compiled by Ernest Greenword, a friend of Wills, who also served in the Canadian Field Artillery. It appears that many of the photographs assembled and captioned by Greeenwood are copies of official photos from Canada's Department of National Defence. The originals, now residing at Library and Archives Canada, are available through LAC's Mikan database and include captions (different from those written here by Greenwood), and often specific dates and photographer's name. Wills later added his own clippings and photographs to the album. Subjects include: newspaper clippings of A.W. joining regiment, brother Percy leaving and wounded; Ypres--ruined buildings; Courcellette; Vimy; trench scenes; Cambrai; Petawawa, Fort Macaulay (training)' Valenciennes; Witley, Godalming (England--training); guns in action and transport; 'girls I met'; wounded and dead soldiers; prisoners; members of Sergeant's Mess -- 58th Battery, C.F.A.; leaving Victoria aboard troopship Cameronia; copy of A.W.'s discharge certificate; and copy of ceasefire.
Subjects:
World War, 1914-1918; Wills, Archie
Date:
1916-1954
Title-Alternative:
All in a lifetime - War 1914-18, the fun and the horror--pictures
Collection:
Archie H. Wills fonds
Location(s):
British Columbia--Victoria; Ontario--Petawawa; France--Vimy; France--Cambrai; France--Courcellette; Belgium--leper; England--Witley; England--Godalming
People Depicted:
Wills, Archie